SHOTTERMILL – its Farms, Families and Mills
Part 2 - 1730 to the Early Twentieth Century

Greta A Turner

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Front cover: Map of the Shottermill area circa 1777

Paperback - 420 pages, illustrated with photographs and maps
John Owen Smith; ISBN: 1-873855-40-0; February 2005

Associated titles: Shottermill, part 1 by Greta A Turner; The Hilltop Writers by WR Trotter; An Edwardian Childhood by Margaret Hutchinson; The Southern Wey, a guide


Back Cover . Publisher's Note . Acknowledgements . Contents . List of Illustrations . Timeline . Index . About the Author . Comments


Back Cover

For 700 years the small isolated community in the Wey valley at Shottermill was a corner of industry.

By the end of the nineteenth century there had existed six watermills which over the years had been used for operations as diverse as corn milling, fulling, iron working, and in particular sickle making, leather dressing, and paper and braid making.

On surrounding commons 'broom-makers' used the natural products of the heathland to manufacture besoms for sale as far afield as London, while yeoman farmers and their descendants used the better land for livestock and arable crops.

This second volume on the history of Shottermill covers the period from the appearance of the Simmons family of paper makers in the 1700s to the early twentieth century when it became part of Haslemere.

A first volume covers the history of Shottermill from the earliest days through the times of plague, the Dissolution of the Monasteries and the Civil War to the decline of the local iron industry in the 1700s.


Publisher's Note

This is the second book of a two-part history of Shottermill and the area around - where the counties of Hampshire, Surrey and Sussex meet.
Although Shottermill is thought of today as part of Haslemere Town on the Surrey side of the River Wey, in earlier times it was essentially associated with a larger area covering both sides of the Wey valley as these books show.
They are the result of over ten years' research by the author who, with the help of archives in Haslemere Museum, three county record offices, local historical associations and elsewhere, has pieced together a compelling and readable history of the farms, families and mills in the area.

The first part of this history, covering the period from early times to the 1700s, is published as a separate book (ISBN 1-873855-39-7).


Acknowledgements

I am grateful to many people for their assistance in the writing of this account: to members of the local history associations; to the various Record Offices for their help at problematic moments which certainly did occur; to Philip Brooks, J.W. Penfold, W.A. Sillick, W.J.D. Cooper, and James Simmons III, the Diarist, for their invaluable records; to E.E. Orchard for producing two volumes of the Diary; and also to the Haslemere Educational Museum which has allowed me to roam at will through its Archive. My particular thanks go to Professor Alan Crocker and Martin Kane for their fund of knowledge about the paper industry, to Austin Taylor for his information about the wider Baker family and to Peter Armitage for his business records.

I am much indebted to the owners of local properties of all ages for their kind reception and interest and often the production of deeds, photographs, etc; in particular to Miss Anna Roncaglia, Mrs Lockwood and Mr Appleby but also to many others too numerous to mention.

Most of the illustrations are taken from the Haslemere Museum Collection but other were from photographs taken by Mrs V.M. Queen, Mr Jourdain and Ray Harris.

In addition to the many people mentioned in Book 1, special thanks are given to the Oliver, Moorey and Harding families; to Mr E.E. Orchard for the document on the Simmons/P.R.C. court case; to V.I. McMillan and Mrs Jane Stillwell for family details; also to Mr Jourdain for his picture of Frensham Hall, and Professor Crocker for his permission to use his engraving of Field End. My apologies to the late Dr W.R. Trotter for taking so long to get his research on the church and education system incorporated into this volume.

My particular thanks to William Sillick the reporter on the Herald for the Haslemere district for fifty years from 1897. There seemed to be nothing which escaped his notice and no-one he did not know. Without his squirreling away of snippets on all local events, which happily survived, the picture of Shottermill up to and around the turn of the century would have been difficult, if not impossible to put together.

Last but not least, my thanks and apologies to my husband who has borne years of neglect with only a reasonable amount of complaint..


Table of contents

Publisher's Note
About the Author
Acknowledgements
List of Illustrations & Maps
Timeline for Shottermill
Section 4 - Shottermill from the Advent of the Simmons Family in the 1730s to the Middle 1800s
Chapter Fourteen - The early Simmons - James I, James II and William, Papermakers of Sickle Mill:
Introduction; Advent of the Simmons Family and their Pedigree; James Simmons I and the purchase of Sickle Mill; the Beginnings of the Simmons Landed Estate which included Sturt Farm, Sturtmore, property in Midhurst, Deanes Farm, the Purpresture Meadow, Land near the Sussex Bell, Cherrimans and the Tanyard; James I's marriage and Family; the Second Generation - James II, Humphrey and William; Corn and paper-making at Sickle Mill; Extension of the Simmons Estate to include Shotter corn mill, New Mill, Pitfold Mill and Farm, Watts Farm and Lane End & Buffbeards; James II; William and his wife Hannah (Philps) and their Family; Paper-making in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Chapter Fifteen - James Simmons III, Diarist & Papermaker to the 1850s:
James III's inheritance; leasing of the mills to John Howard 1801-11 during his minority; his Marriage and Family; the Post-Napoleonic War Depression and Financial Problems; the Sale of the Simmons Estate to Refurbish his Mills; the Baker Family - the Purchasers; Sale of Shotter Corn Mill to the Olivers; the Sale of Cherrimans; the Decline of the Shottermill Paper Industry.
Chapter Sixteen - James Simmons IV and the end of the Simmons papermaking business:
James IV's education and marriage; the unsuccessful leasing of Sickle Mill to Lightfoot and Fourdrinier; James IV's last attempt to continue paper-making; the Sale of Sickle Mill to the Appletons, Military Braid Makers; Mrs Acton's Legacy; the Enclosures; the Coming of the Railway.
Chapter Seventeen - James III - a Middle-Class Life and Outlook:
James III's family; Daily Routine; Servants; Clothes; the Mills as Local Entertainment; Farming; Sickle Mill House, Cherrimans and Field End; Local Shops and Facilities; Recreation; Charitable Activities; James' Horizons; Local Events; Accidents and Safety; Health; James III's Workmen; His Attitude to Women; William Simmons & James IV.
Section 5 - Shottermill to the 1800s
Chapter Eighteen - The Labouring Classes - The Sussex Side:
Population Increase and its Effects; Encroachments; the Poor Relief System; the Community around the Shottermill Ponds; the Hoads and the Clapshaws at Ramblers, Beech Cottage, the Wheeler's Cottage and Corner Cottage; the Anchor and Pond Cottage; the Public Houses; Emigration.
Chapter Nineteen - The Labouring Classes - The Surrey Side:
Encroachments and the Broom-makers; Who were the Broom-makers? How Well did they Survive? Were they Considered to be a Separate Community? Some Broom-maker families: the Backhursts, Boxalls, Covers, Deans, Etheringtons, Frogleys, Greenaways, Halls, Hilyers, Lawrences, Madgwicks, Mooreys, Roes, Whites and Winchesters; Some Paper-making Families: Crofts, Hardings, Putticks, Smiths, Tilburys and Vollers; Were the Broom-makers as Wild as They were made out to be? Crime and Social Discontent.
Chapter Twenty - The History of Shottermill Church:
The Campaign for new Churches; Campaigning for the Building of a Church at Pitfold; the Farnham Rectories Bill; Finding the Money and a Site; Building St Stephen's; Finding a Clergyman; Endowment of St Stephen's; the Clergymen of Shottermill - Rev Badham and Rev Candy; Building the Parsonage; Religion in a Rural Community; James III's Personal Beliefs; the Later History of St Stephen's; Nonconformity in Shottermill.
Chapter Twenty-one - Education in Shottermill:
Middle Class Education of the Simmons Family, James III and IV at Midhurst and Guildford Grammar Schools; William Simmons at the Deaf and Dumb Asylum; the Simmons Daughters; John Wornham Penfold jnr; the Newmans, and Small and Cooper grandchildren; the Newman/Simmons School; Governesses; Working Class Education, the Shottermill & Hindhead Sunday Schools, attendances, teachers, lessons and treats; Day Schools; Workhouse and Ragged Schools; Later Church and Council Schools.
Section 6 - Shottermill in the Late 1800s - Emergence into Modern Times
Chapter Twenty-two - 'An Isolated and Primitive Community':
'An Isolated and Primitive Community'; Reasons for the Changes - the Agricultural Depression, the Enclosures, the Decline of Broom-making and the End of Paper-making, the Coming of the Railway; the Advent of the Hindhead Literary Community and its Effects; the Sale of James Baker's Shottermill lands and the 'New People' who bought it and settled there for a time.
Chapter Twenty-three - By 1900 - a different place:
The Slow Changes on the Sussex Side on the Wey Valley Farms; the Houses around the Shottermill Ponds and Camelsdale; the Far Greater Changes on the Surrey Side with the Building of New Houses and the Appearance of Many Small Retail Businesses; the Public Houses; the Chuters and the Mooreys at the Red Lion; the Royal Huts, Tyndall and the Hindhead Crossroads.
Chapter Twenty-four - Decline of the Local Traditional Industries and Changes in Occupations:
Changing Occupations; the Decline of Broom-making; the End of Grazing; Expansion of the Service and Building Industries; the Hammer Brickworks; the Hammer Vale Pottery; Mooreys the Builders; Hardings, Builders of Shottermill and Camelsdale.
Chapter Twenty-five - Military Braid manufacture at Sickle Mill:
The Appletons' Braid Business at Sickle Mill; the Appleton Family; Military Uniforms in the Nineteenth Century; the Military Units Supplied; the Army Smallware Products; the Workforce; its Decline; Trouble with the Olivers at Shotter Mill; the End of Sickle Mill as an Industrial Unit.
Chapter Twenty-six - The Last Flourishes of the Mills on the Wey:
The last few years of Pitfold Mill and the revival of Skin Dressing; of Shotter Mill in the hands of the Olivers; of New Mill; and the Trout Farm on Deepdene.
Chapter Twenty-seven - Development of Social Organisations and Services:
The Working Men's Club; the Nursing Association; Recreation Facilities and Lion Green; Roads; Sanitation, Water & Lighting; the Fire Service; Cemeteries; the Village Hall; Refuse Collection; the Post Office.
Chapter Twenty-eight - The last of the Simmons Dynasty, James IV.
Chapter Twenty-nine - Conclusion - The Social Scene.
Index


List of Illustrations

Particulars of Roger Shotter's Auction 1781
New Mill in 1911
The Receipt of the Down Payment made by James II for 'Watses' Farm
Papermaking by hand, 1833
Fourdrinier papermaking machine, 1833
James Simmons III
List of articles auctioned at Sickle Mill House 1802
Notice of poultry stolen from Springhead 1818
James III's properties auctioned at Guildford 1832
Frensham Hall today (originally Critchmere Farm)
George Oliver c.1886/7 when he was 84 years old
William Oliver, George's son
Shotter Mill (Oliver's Mill) in the early 1900s
Memorial Card printed by J. Simmons & Co., London
James Simmons IV in later life
Notice of Sale of Sickle and New Mills in 1854
Diagram from Covenant - Portsmouth Ry Co. & James Simmons IV
Foden's Bill to Mrs Simmons, 1829
Sickle Mill and House in 1850
Field End
Charlotte Simmons, James III's wife
William Simmons in later life
Cottages around Shottermill Ponds
A Broom-maker at work in Hammer Vale in the 1890s
Cottage Interior in the late 1800s
The Harding Museum at Franklin, USA
Stephencroft, the first Parsonage
St Stephen's Church today
View over Hindhead Common and the Devil's Punch Bowl
Lower Pitfold Farm or the 'Manor House' in 1930s
The Chalet, Hindhead
Heather Bank, now Weysprings
Middle Pitfold House, later Pitfold House
Lion Green in 1909
The old Foundry above the Kings Road in 1870s
Booker's Carriage Works on Lion Green above Linton Cottage
The Staff of Life
The Royal Huts Hotel at Hindhead Crossroads
George Berry, broom-maker, at work
Hindhead House in the late 1880s
The Horse-Driven Pugmill at the top of Wey Hill
The 100 ft. Hammer Brickworks Chimney
Colonel of Hussars in Full Glory
Samples of Braid in various weaves of worsted and silk damask
Feather for the Middlesex Yeomanry plume
Notice of Sale at Guildford of Sickle Mill in 1911
View of Sickle Mill showing the massive chimney
Part of Bellarmine jug found near Sickle Mill
Shotter Mill in 1938
George Dunce
Harry and Kate Oliver in the late 1920s
James IV in the garden at Cherrimans
Sales Notice of James Simmons' Estate in 1903
Shotter Mill in 1994, as flats
Sickle Mill today

List of Maps

The Shottermill area circa 1777
Boundaries of parishes surrounding Shottermill
Hundred and Manor of Farnham
Simmons lands prior to the 1832 sale
Land use in Shottermill 1839-46
Shottermill today
Land left to The National Trust by residents of Shottermill
Development of the Hindhead Crossroads area 1870-1916


Timeline for Shottermill

1086 Domesday
Manor of Farnham, held by See of Winchester to 20th century
Saxon Corn Mill, presumed pre-Domesday presence
c.1200 Priory of Linchmere & Shulbrede founded
1221 Market Town of Haslemere - Bishop of Salisbury grant
1285 Pitfold Manor created - de Bavents held to 1344
1300s Shottover Corn Mill built possibly at this time - held by Priory of Linchmere & Shulbrede
1339 Saxon Corn Mill, last record - held by Pope family in 1300s
1345 Pitfold Fulling Mill - built by Pope family and held by them to 1520s
1348 Black Death and slow recovery
1373 Pitfold Manor held by Priory of Dartford (Kent) to 1536
1535/6 Dissolution of Monasteries
1535/6 Manor Linchmere & Shulbrede created out of Dissolved Shulbrede Priory - Montagues of Cowdray held to 1843
1535/6 Shottover Corn Mill held by Crown, Letters Patent issued
1566 Pitfold Manor bought by Montagues
1570s Pophole Hammer built - owned by Montagues
1579 Pitfold Fulling Mill held by Payne family to 1631
c.1594 Pitfold Fulling Mill - possible change of use
late 1500s Tanning/Tanhouse - Baldwyns, Bardens, Nappers associated
late 1500s Smithy near Shottover Mill built by Bridays
late 1500s Alien Ironworkers appear in Shottermill
late 1500s Farnham Manor Records begin for local landowners: Combes to 1826, Paynes to 1640, Wheelers to 1636, Allens to 1646, Tribes to 1680, Sadlers to 1744
c.1600 Shottover Corn Mill leased by Payne
c.1600 Wheeler/Sturt [later Sickle] Hammer built - held by Wheelers to 1636
early 1600s Rebuilding of England, increasing prosperity
1627 Middle Pitfold Farm held by Benifolds to 1765
1629 Tanhouse held by Nappers
1631 Pitfold Fulling Mill - Bardens occupy
1641 Shotters come to Pitfold - they hold Pitfold Mill and other properties to 1781
1642-1660 Civil War and Interregnum
1649 Sickle Mill - Hoads made sickles to 1712; Hoad daughters held to 1736
mid 1660s Sickle Mill - Tamplins possibly working at
1668 Pitfold 'Manor House' built by Shotters
1674 Tanhouse & 'Cherrimans' - held by Cherrimans to 1767
c.1700 Shottover Corn Mill held by Edward Briday
1723 Shottover Corn Mill held by Fielders to 1805
1736 Advent of Simmons family
1736 Sickle Mill bought by Simmons: paper made to c.1860s, also corn milled to c.1780
mid 1700s Turnpike Roads [local] built
mid 1700s Broom-making local industry, first records
1750s-80s Simmons Landed Estate acquired
1765 Middle Pitfold Farm bought by Bakers - first local connexion
1767 Tanhouse bought by Simmons, held by them to 1903
1776 Pophole - end of ironworking; Butler occupied from 1730s
1778 Shottover Corn Mill - Simmons held lease; bought in 1805
1781 Shotters of Pitfold sold land - end of local connexion
1781 Pitfold Mill bought by Simmons for papermaking
1788/90s New Mill [paper] built by Simmons
1815 End of Napoleonic Wars - depression for years after
1830s Emigration
1831 Pitfold Manor bought by Pritchard
1832-6 Simmons Landed Estate (except mills) sold to Bakers
1832 Shottover Corn Mill held by Olivers (with interruptions) to 1938
1840s Pitfold Manor held by Bakers to 1880s
1841 St Stephen's Church built
1843 Manor of Linchmere & Shulbrede held by Earl of Egmont
1850s Enclosures
1854 Sickle Mill bought by Appletons who made military braid; sold 1920
1859 Railway arrives at Haslemere
1880s on Literary Community comes to Hindhead
c.1880 Trout Farm at Deepdene set up
1880s Pitfold/New Mills leather industry revived by Thomas Gent; ended 1900
1890s on Second influx into Shottermill of wealthy, professional people
late 1800s Broom-making in decline
late 1800s Start development of turn-of-century Shottermill population and housing increase
1896 Shottermill Civil Parish created
1900 Brickmaking on Clay/Wey Hill ended
Hammer brickworks started up
1900 on Decline/end of local mills
1903 Simmons Dynasty ended with death of James (IV) - property sold for housing
1933 Shottermill became part of Haslemere Town

[Dates here are approximate - details in text]


Index

ABERCONWAY, Lord, at Honeyhanger and Hilders, 283, 288
ACCIDENTS
how to treat in the home, 374
in horsedrawn vehicles, 115-17
Simmons family, Anne Gilchrist, Joseph Puttick, Chas. Bridger, Geo. Timms, Abm Harding, Geo. Boxall, Miss Geikie, 115-17, 378
William Chuter, 90
ACTON, Mrs. [prob. aunt of Ann, wife of James Simmons IV], Influence over James III, Left dole to Joseph Puttick, and to Wm Simmons for aged deaf and dumb, Left money to Ann and James IV, Advice to James IV re mills in Spain and Russia, 86
ALDWORTH, Lord Tennyson at 1869, 227, 275, 276, 279, 363
ALLEN, Grant, Novelist, at Hindhead late 1800s, 275
ALLENS FARM incorporated into Lane End Farm by Combes [mid 1600s], see later under Lane End. See also Lees & Blossom Cottages which sold off separately, 30
ALLOTMENTS. see ENCLOSURES
ANCHOR HOUSE [by Shottermill Ponds]
Descent thro' Thomas Sayers, Thos. Chandler victualler 1782, Hy. Mullen common brewer 1792, John Clapshaw victualler 1809, Samuel Clapshaw 1841 to Wm Stillwell of Railway later Mill Tavern 1848, Probably closed as public house 1850s, 148
Smithy at, 308
APPLETONS
Daniel, Pitfold papermaker bur. Frensham 1790, 33
Henry & Sons
dispute with Olivers, 344
local female workforce 1871-1901 included members of families of Moorey, White, Windebank, Davis, Kingshott, Booker, Roe, Hall, Nettle, Deadman, Park, Green, Pook, Hillyer, Baker, Edwards, Voller, Saunders, Etherington, Madgwick, Foster, Ward, Joning, Toghill, Smith, Sheldrake, 340-43
military braid-makers at Elstead Mill to 1878, bought Sickle 1854 for paper, braid & candlewicks, 331-44
procedures, product range, units supplied, management, company records, decline and sale Sickle 1920, 335-39, 345
rented Pitfold Mill 1835-7 for spinning/weaving, 73
special mention in C of E 1851 census, 230
John Barling Appleton first motor car in Haslemere, 344
parish activities, 375
APPRENTICES
broom-making apprenticeship, 157
early apprentices at Sickle Paper Mill, Thomas Chandler 1782, Thomas Ede 1789, Thomas Puttock, poor child of parish, 1793, John Tilbury 1789, Thomas Tilbury 1800, John Tribe 1780, John Tuckey 1782, William Voller 1800, 32-33
George Timms, 117
James III's troubles with John Harding, brother Charles Harding, Joseph and Elias Puttick, Isaac Salmon, Jonathan Openshaw, 126-27
Tom Lunnon, brother Ann Simmons, apprentice at Sickle 1841, 96
ARDAGH, Dr, lecture on alcohol, 375
ARNOLD, Henry, apprentice wheelwright 1871 Wheeler's Leasehold [nr. Arnold's Garage], 148
ATKINS, Absolam, foreman at New Mill, 1840, 125
ATTITUDES
discontent in paper industry early 1800s, 19, 125
of James Simmons III, typical of middle class, 51, 125-28
AVAMORE ENGINEERING CO
Pelmore leased Sickle to Haslemere UDC 1925, sold outright to 1930, 344
Pelmore, Avamore Engineering Pump Co bought Sickle Mill 1820, 343
AYLING, Rev Henry, Master at Midhurst, Headmaster at Guildford Grammar School, 234, 235, 236
AYLWIN, Peter
Clay Hill Brickworks owned by late 1800s, a 'goldmine', 324, 371
large donation to Nursing Association, 356
BACKHURST, broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 160, 167, 319
BADHAM, appointed St. Stephen's 1846, left 1848, 214-17
BAILEY, Ethel of Shottermill worked for Peasant Arts Movement, 372
BAKER family, 62-66
Bakers largest landowners and employers in Shottermill 1840s on, 51
bought Simmons' lands in Linchmere and Pitfold after 1832 auction, 62
John & Eliz Baker [not related] at Pond Cottage mid-1700s, 147
BAKER, Edward James [1782-1844] son of James of STILLAND, Northchapel
at Middle Pitfold and High Pitfold Farms, 62
bought Critchmere Farm [later Frensham Hall/Farm] from Thos Combes 1826, 62
bought Lower Pitfold Farm and Lane End & Buffbeards from James III 1836, 63
died at Frensham Hall 1844, 64
disagreeable character, 62, 65
Frensham Hall part re-built on site Critchmere Farm, 63
Lower Pitfold Farm housed his labourers c.1841, 64
Pitfold Manor Lordship bought from Pritchard early 1840s, 64
shot at and barn burned down 1839, 192
special constables, called meeting to appoint 1839, 197
subscription to St. Stephen's, awkward about giving site, 204, 208
BAKER, James [1754-1828] of STILLAND Northchapel, father Edward James /Henry
at Middle Pitfold Farm c.1776 [from Benifolds], 62
bought High Pitfold Farm, probably at 1781 Shotter Auction, 30
built Pitfold House 1792 at Middle Pitfold Farm, 62
inoculated son George against smallpox in 1791, 123
sold broomsticks to a Moorey 1797, 157
BAKER, James jnr. [1823-1894] son of Edward James - Last Lord Pitfold Manor
awkward character. see St Stephen's Church
bankrupt 1881, 272, 279, 281
debts (c.£16,000) to Lemare, Forester's Friendly Soc. Guildford, Challen, Topham and Marshall Bulley, 281
died at Lower Pitfold Farm ('Pitfold Manor House') 1894, burial, 64, 282
dissipated large inheritance, never married, hunting man, musician with organ, in 1873 held over 1,500 acres in Surrey alone - at death in 1894 held only 94, 280
enclosure awards of 440 acres for Farnham & Pitfold manor lands, shared Critchmere Common with James IV, 88, 271
financial troubles from 1870s, mortgages, auctions, 281
land (few records) sold to Russells, Jackson, Swinton, Sutherland, Tyndall, Balfour, etc. mostly City/London men, 282
mortgage on Pitfold land sold to Thomas Baker of Brighton, 281
Pitfold Manor extinguished from 1880s as land sold off, 279
properties in Shottermill (neglected) bought up by professionals/ academics/ businessmen etc., 284, 285
sold plot in Camels Dale to Henry White 1890, 298
well-known sportsman - descr. in obit., 282
BAKER, Rev Henry [1785-1849] son James of STILLAND, brother of Edward James and Rector of Linchmere
agreement with James III for use of water for Sturt meadow and Sickle Mill, 57
bought from James III, Springhead and Washers, Sturt and Sturtmore, Pursley's cottage, Hammer Lands, Deanes and Watts Farms 1835, 65
large Linchmere landholder, 65
BAKER, Thomas, creditor of James Baker jnr, holder of mortgage on his land, 281
BALFOUR, Arthur, politician, buyer of James Baker's land, 283
BALLARD, Samuel, sewing machine agent c1900, 307
BARGATE HOUSE, original house on acre of waste in Lion Lane, survived turn of century building development, 303
BARING-GOULD, Sabine, author of The Broom-Squire, 160
BARTLETT, Arthur, upholsterer & cabinet maker 1890s, 306
BEACON HILL, rapid development from 1880s, no known ancient history, 277
BEALE Mrs, teacher at Shottermill Day School 1860s/70s, neglectful, 262
BEECH COTTAGE [by Shottermill Ponds]
built by John Hoad II mid-1700s, 142
John Clapshaw bought from Hoad heirs 1825, 147
John Clapshaw left to Thos Harding 1841, 149
BENIFOLD family
at Middle Pitfold Farm 1730s, 21
William Baker bought Middle Pitfold from Benifolds 1765, 62
BENNETT, Robert, ran 200 sheep on Lane End and Stoatley in 1700s, 105
BERRY
brick-burners on Clay Hill early/mid 1800s, 324
dissenting family, 163
Edward, at Lower Pitfold Farm 1871, 300
George, Hammer Vale broom-maker in 1950s, comments on craft, 156, 320
Isaac, shoemaker on Clay Hill, 307
John, at Deanes Farm mid.1800s, 296
BEVERIDGE, Henry and Annette
Annette, terrifying old lady with ear-trumpet, 301
Bernard Shaw on honeymoon at Pitfold House, 276
bought Pitfold House 1893, 300
parish activities, 375
BICKNELL
Arthur, gardener, at Buffbeards 1901, 302
Arthur, milkman, at Lower Pitfold Farm 1890s, 282
BLOSSOM COTTAGE
Boxall connection, 168
descent from Morleys thro Jennings, Petters, Boxalls/Gill cordwainer and postmaster 1867, to Thomas Knight, 305
Knight sold to William Oliver 1888, 306
Lamdins, coal merchants at 1930-1963, Ralph Combes at, 306
Oliver sold to Chas. Bridger 1895, 306
outbuilding 1897 smith's shop occ. Wm. Hall and Chas. Clapshaw carpenter, 306
part land sold by Bridger 1897 for St Stephen's graveyard extension, 306
survived turn of century building development, 303
BOOKER
blacksmith at Shottermill knocked down by Beacon Hill dogcart, 377
Elizabeth, teacher at Shottermill Day School, 259
Harry, wheelwright, carriage builder and general smith at Lion Green, 309
William, father and son
at Shotter Mill smithy, also coal merchant, carriage builder, 308
blacksmiths at Watts 1870s-80s, 297
BOUNDARIES
disputed boundaries of Pitfold & Farnham manors settled by decree 1850s, 271
BOWLES, John, early papermaker 1812, 33
BOXALL
broom-makers in Punchbowl late 1800s, 272
broom-makers in Shottermill in 1800s, 319
family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 167-68
George, landlord at Punchbowl Inn, 168, 315
George, Simmons farm labourer, accident, 116
Sarah, Simmons employee
'a treasure', 168
left in charge by James III, 129
lost child to scarlet fever, 124
some took up building work, 324
BRAID. see MILITARY BRAID
BRAMSHOTT
John Butler, previously of Stanley Farm, at Bramshott Vale House 1730s, 21
rector found the relaxed attitude to chastity upsetting in 1822, 163
BRAMSHOTT CHASE, Miss James left 40 acres to National Trust, 290
BRICKMAKING
Clay Hill, Berrys brickburners mid-1800s, Peter Aylwin owned late 1800s, 324
Hammer Brickworks used by laundresses 1914-18 for drying, 326
Hammer Brickworks, modern, built John Grover, ended 1938, 325
Hammer Vale Pottery in Hammer Lane run by W.W. Stallworthy/ Radley Young, 326
housing for workmen & Non-conformist chapel built by Grover, 325
Moorey, Arthur, fatal accident 1905 at Hammer Brickworks, 326
New Mill brickworks run by Henry Standage, 325
Pitfold Brickworks at Critchmere run by Mooreys, 327
BRIDAY, Edward, miller, in 1689 left Shotter Corn Mill to Gregory Hoad, 147
BRIDGE FARM
Combes inherited from Shotters, sold to Bramshott Chalcrafts 1864, 297-98
John Shotters at 1730s, 21
BRIDGER
Alfred, bandmaster of Church Lads Brigade pipe & drum band, 376
auctioneers at 1903 sale of Simmons lands, 368
Charles, bought Blossom Cottage 1895, sold part land for graveyard extension, 306
Charles, builder injured at mill, also fell from church roof, 116
Charles, buyer of James Baker's land, 283
Charles, gave striking turret clock to St Stephen's as thanks offering, 227
John, of Bridger's Farm on Lower Lion received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
John, small farm at Junction Place, gone 1870s, cottages on land, one Rapson's Smithy, 302
members of Bridger family on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
BRIDGEWATER, Elsie of Foundry Road, manageress wool weaving Peasant Arts Movement, 372
BRIGGS, Rev FW, stipendiary curate of Frensham parish, 203
BROOKBANK
Anne Gilchrist tenant 1862-1872, 98
George Eliot tenant in 1871, calls it a 'queer cottage', 98, 274
George Smith, artist, lived at, 286
John Small 1860, renovated, let to Anne Gilchrist and George Eliot, 97
John Small bought in 1859 on death of Mary Smith née Boxall, 168
later tenants, Dr Oswald Dykes, George Smith, Prevost family, 98
passed to Mary Boxall 1787 on Jennings' failure to pay interest on mortgage, 168
Prevost family lived at, 291
survived turn of century building development, 303
Tennyson visits several times, 279
when again two dwellings, other half named Middlemarch, 98
BROOM-MAKING. see also LABOURING CLASSES
apprenticeships, 157
Baring-Gould, author of The Broom-Squire, 160
broom-makers in 1861in southeast generally, 156
Broomsticks 1797 purchased from James Baker of Stilland, 157
decline from 1870s, became brickies/ general labourers/ servants, high point middle 1800s, 1870s decline from limited access to commons, competition factory-made brooms, 270, 319-22
dwellings, destruction of by manor officials, 157
dwellings, early, comments by Fenn, Wright & Sillick, 158
Edward Moorey, the Royal Broom-maker of Clay Hill, 157
encroachments and the broom-makers, 153-61
families (local), summaries of origins/ history during 1800s, 166-91
families in Pitfold - White, Moorey, Boxall, Winchester, Hall, Madgwick, Lawrence, Backhurst, Harding, Dean, Cover, Etheringon, Hillier, Helyer, Combe, Roe and Frogley, 155-56
family businesses, 157
fewer occupation alternatives in Hammer Vale, 272, 319
first reference to Broom-maker, 1757 Quarter Sessions, 157
George Berry, Hammer Vale broom-maker in 1950s, comments on craft, 156, 320
heather brooms, Fenn comment, 321
illiteracy of 1847-93, 160
lawlessness of, from Simmons Diary and Courts, 192-98
local attitudes toward of landowners, farmers and manor officials, 166
manorial restrictions on tree felling not apply to birch and ash, 160
numbers to 1901, listed, 319
numbers, location of broom-makers in Pitfold 1841-71, 155
output according to George Berry, 320
Linchmere side, few, 295
receivers of Smith's Charity, no discrimination against broom-maker squatters, 164-66
vital to Shottermill's welfare in 1800s, 19, 137, 156
who were the broom-makers?, early marriage and bastardy, 161-64
BROWNESCOMBE, Richard Stephen Whiteway at 1892, 287
BRUCE-JOY, Albert, sculptor, at Bramshott Chase Lodge, 290, 375
BRYANT, early papermaker name, 33
BUCKINGHAMSHIRE
riots of 1830 destroyed paper machines, 125
Simmons contact with, 95, 108, 125
BUCKTON, Alice, author 'Eager Heart', 376
BUCKTON, George and family at Weycombe Estate 1865, 275
BUCKTON, Miss Buckton active in parish, played violin, 376
BUFFBEARDS. see also LANE END FARM
description of house 1832, 302
Harry Upfold police constable, and Arthur Bicknell gardener, occupied 1901, 302
Sadlers at 1730s, 20
Shotters bought from Sadlers 1744, 40
sold 1836 by James Simmons III to Edward James Baker, 63
sold as part of Lane End Farm to James Simmons II, 1781, 30, 40
Thos Snelling and Jas Etherington occ. for 20 years, 1881 & 1891 unocc, 152, 302
BUILDING INDUSTRY/BUILDERS
builders late 1800s, Silk, Marshall, Gardner & Luff, Cover & Hill, Chapman & Lowry, Hutchinsons, 326
Grayshott, poor quality housing 1890s, 327
Hardings and Clapshaws, builders, 327-29
Hutchinson Haslemere Cooperative profit-sharing builders, 371
large increase in Shottermill people in industry 1880s, 323
Mooreys the builders, 327
BULLEY
Marshall, creditor of James Baker, 282
shared West Down with Miss James, 283
BURT, tenants of Springhead and Sturt Farms 1800s, 296, 302
BUTLER, John of Stanley Farm
at Bramshott Vale House 1730s, 21
managed Northpark furnace and Pophole Hammer 1730s on, 21
CAB BUSINESSES, John Voice and Edward Canning c.1900 in Shottermill, 310, 377
CAMELSDALE
church of St Paul's built 1906, 298
Cooper, John Eggar, sold fields 1935 to Haslemere UDC as Recreation Ground, 296
housing 1870 and 1901, village hall, school and church, baptisms, 298, 371
origins of name, first ref. 1841 to 'Camilsdale Cottage', later Camels Dale, 298
school opened September 1904, 299
CANALS, 18
CANDY, Rev Charles
at The Lodge, Haslemere, sold to Rev Hesse, needed curacy, a St. Stephen's candidate, 218
Bible discussions with James III, 49
description of by Fenn, 220
doctrinal suitability doubted by James III, 218
priest in charge Shottermill ecclesiastical district of Frensham parish 1850-1876, first vicar of Shottermill eccles. parish 1876-1884, 219-20
Shottermill Day School, Candy's records, 258, 261
CANNING, Edward, cab business c.1900 in Shottermill, 310
CARPENTERS HEATH [near Jesse Mann/Coomers], Lucas [of Lowder Mill] family's water meadows, competition with James III, 26, 30, 57
CASTLE, Agnes and Egerton, writers, at Anthony Place, 292
CEMETERIES, 359
CHALCRAFT, of Bramshott held Linchmere manor lands late 1800s, incl. Bridge, Gilhams and Hammer Farms, 295, 297
CHALET, The, on corner Headley Rd/A3, Jackson sold to Marion James, then built Tarn Moor, 283, 284
CHALLEN, James, creditor of James Baker, 282
CHANDLER
Albert Edward, headmaster of Shottermill Day School to 1927, 263
Allen, of Witley family, barrister, trustee of Working men's Club, chairman Nursing Association, active in parish, 355, 356, 375
family of Baker's farm servants 1800s, 169, 194, 281, 300, 348
Rev John vicar of Witley, Rural Dean, active re Churt & Sh'mill Churches, 204, 205, 212
Thomas, Simmons apprentice 1782, 32
Thomas, victualler bought Anchor House from Sayers 1782, sold to Henry Mullen, common brewer 1791, 148
CHAPMAN & LOWRY, Shottermill builders, 326
CHARCOAL BURNING, Colliers burning on Lower Lion Common 1847, 193
CHARITY
Clothing Clubs, Benefit Clubs, 'Oddfellows', local donors, Simmons activity, 109
Smith's Charity in Frensham parish, 1770s-1842 increase in receivers, 164-66
CHARMAN, Edwin, baker and grocer 1890s, 307
CHERRIMANS [family]
at 'Cherrimans' 1730s, 20
Thomas Cherriman sold 'Cherrimans' & Tanhouse in 1767 to James Simmons I, 26, 40
CHERRIMANS [property]
Cherriman family held 1730s, 21
Emma Fox lived at for 35 years, 365
James I bought from Thomas Cherriman 1767, William inherited 1777, 26, 29
James III inherited from father William 1801, 49
James III sold in 1832 to Dr Gordon of Haslemere, 61, 72
James IV leased from Gordon 1848, bought back 1854, improved, 72, 82, 108
photograph of James IV in garden, 364
suggested as Parsonage House, not suitable, 108, 217
survived turn of century building development, 303
CHILWORTH PAPER MILL
connexion between. James Simmons I and Halls of Chilworth Paper Mill, 36
sale, James IV bought two engines for 14s, 108
William Simmons inherited stock at Chilworth from father, James I, 1777, 29
CHURCH FARM [Linchmere], Rapleys at 1730s, 21
CHURCH LADS BRIGADE, Formed in Shottermill late 1800s, 375, 376
CHURCHES. see also SAINT STEPHEN'S church Shottermill
campaign by Church of England to build new churches, 202
Church Building Society established in 1837, 203
Churt Church under construction 1837/8, closed, not consecrated until 1865, 203-4
John Chandler, vicar Witley and Rural Dean opened Churt Church 1839, 204
Order in Council 1865, created eccles. district of Churt and re-directed its tithes, 223
parish of St Luke's, Grayshott established 1901 out of parts Sh'mill, Headley and Churt, 377
parishes of Farnham and Frensham split up, 206
United Reformed Church and Hope Baptist Chapel in Haslemere, 229, 230
CHUTER
family of Farmer Thomas, Lion Common house robbed, cottages building near Hindhead vandalized 1857 and '59, 193, 312
George, tenant of Critchmere Farm died 1835, 64
John & Stanley, ran Lion Green coachbuilders to 1914, when used by Co-op, 312
John, member of Shottermill's first parish council, 312
John, son of Thomas, sold Longdown Cottages to Tyndall, 283
Thomas, a builder, son John owned 22 houses in Lion Lane 1915, 313
Thomas, built Lion Inn, Linton Cottage and coachbuilders' wheelwrights shop - had bought Wm. Mooreys cottage in 1849, 183, 312
Thomas, received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
William, accident to, 90
CLAPSHAW
building family in late 1800s, 324
Charles, carpenter at Blossom Cottage late 1800s, 306
Charles, shoemaker, son of John, bought Corner Cottage 1829, 143, 148, 307
family, 147-49
George at Blossom Cottage, builder's foreman, 327
John bought Anchor House from Hy. Mullen 1809, 148
John bought Ramblers 1818 and Beech Cottage 1825, 147
John left Anchor House to son Samuel 1841, 149
John left Ramblers 1841 to James Harding and Beech to Thomas Harding, 149
John undertenant of Simmons & Bakers 1841, for Watts and Lower Pitfold, 148
Mrs C, active in parish, organized drama turn of century, 376
part family emigrated to America early 1840s, 113, 149
Samuel sold Anchor to Wm Stillwell of Stones 1848, 149
see also under HARDING, Camelsdale Builders, 327-29
T, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
William, builder, at Corner Cottage, 327
William, builder, bought Pond Cottage 1882, 148
CLOTHIER, Doctor of Haslemere
attended Simmons family, 120
fatal accident to his son on school cricket ground, 240
COAL, replacing turf as fuel, Harry Booker, Wm. Madgwick, Wm. Stillwell and George Timms local merchants, 309
COBDEN, Richard, Memorial Card printed 1865 by James Simmons Stationers, London, 78
COLLINS, Charles of Headley, cow shot and barns burned 1839, 192
COMBE COTTAGE
encroachment in Nutcombe Valley by Stephen Combes, 158
COMBES
at Critchmere, Sturt and Lane End Farms 1730s, 20
broom-maker family in Shottermill in 1800s, 319
Edward James Baker bought Critchmere Farm from Thos Combes 1826, 62
family beginning its decline on Surrey side 1801, 50
John marr. Dority Hoad of Sickle Mill, 24
John sold 1752 Sturt to James Simmons I, 24
Linchmere parish, Combes inherited Bridge Farm from Shotters, 297
Linchmere parish, John carpenter and coffin-maker 1800s, 144
Pitfold, house of broom-maker James fired 1850, 192
Ralph at Blossom Cottage mid-1900s, 306
Stephen, encroachment in Nutcombe Valley in 1830s, 158
Stephen, poss. of Nutcombe indicted for sheep stealing 1841, 195
Thomas of Lane End bought Allens in 1646, absorbed into Lane End Farm, sold Lane End to Roger Shotter V in 1770, 40
Thomas, a tanner 1795, 41
Thomas, occupied Watts Farm 1805, 53
CONAN DOYLE, at Hindhead, Undershaw, late 1800s, 275, 361, 373
contents, 9
COOPER
Catherine employed Mercy, dau of Hy. White broom-maker, as child's nurse, 102
Catherine Simmons marr. William C in 1847, 61, 98, 215
Charles (Simmons heir) left Lion Field [now Tescos] by James IV, sold to Shottermill Council 1909 as Public Recreation Ground, 92, 357
education of Cooper boys, James III's grandchildren, 241
John Eggar (Simmons heir) sold Camelsdale Rec. Ground 1935 to Haslemere UDC, 296, 369
letter from Wm. Cooper [in unhealthy Liverpool] to Catherine, 119
Susan, Catherine's step-dau. died from tuberculosis, 124
William died 1865, 98
COPYHOLDS/COPYHOLDERS
Legal copyhold cottages held by Mooreys, Greenaways and Halls, Lion Green, 160
List of Shottermill copyholders receiving allotments in Enclosures 1850s, 270
CORDWAINERS/BOOTS & SHOES
Gills, Garlands, Berrys, Staceys, Heathers, Putticks, Clapshaws, Hardings, locally 1800s, 307
CORNELIUS, Joseph, sold 1761 Purpresture meadow to James Simmons I, 26
CORNER COTTAGE [by Shottermill Ponds]
built by John Tribe 1762 on land of Pond Cott. for Whites, 147
James Shotter (miller/labourer) bought from heirs John Hoad II, lived at 1805-1829, 67, 148
John Hoad I, wheelwright, bought 1769, 147
shoemaker Charles Clapshaw bought 1829, still there late 1800s, 148
COTTAGES
Churt parish cottage 1860s, description, 158
Combe Cottage in Nutcombe, 1830s encroachment, 158
most replaced by new houses late 1800s, 303
photograph of cottage interior late 1800s), 159
COURTS HILL
Penfold family's early connexion, 27
Thomas Penfold bought back from Lucas family 1814, 27, 96
COUSENS
Eli, pork butcher Clay Hill c.1900, 307
James, pork butcher, at Lees Cottage 1871, 175, 305
COVER
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 169-70
change to building work, 324
Cover & Hill, Shottermill builders, 326
COVINGTON, Charles, had 'Drapery Bazaar' 1890s, 306
CRAFT
Samuel, labourer, and family at Lane End 1870s-80s, 301
see also CROFT, 170
CRAIG, Capt. Edwin Ernest, writer, at Tanera Moor, 293
CRIME. see LAW AND ORDER
CRITCHMERE
James Baker and James Simmons IV divided Common in 1850s enclosures, 88, 220, 271
James Edgeler built houses bottom of Critchmere Hill by 1911, 303
new housing 1901, but developed later than rest of Shottermill, 303, 372
CRITCHMERE FARM [later Frensham Hall/Farm]
Edward James Baker bought Critchmere Farm 1826 from Thos Combes, 62
George Chuter tenant died 1835, 64
rebuilt/christened Frensham Hall by Edward James Baker, 63
CROCKER, Alan
analysis of James III's problems with paper mills, 73
Simmons Diaries, book on, 46
CROFT [CRAFT, CRAWTE]
early papermaker name, 33
John [Craft] papermaker at Sickle Mill, 1861, 339
papermaker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 170
CROWN & CUSHION, first allusion in 1861 census, 274
CUBITT & WEST, estate agents, early ledgers c.1890s-1970s held by Haslemere Museum, 370
DARWIN, Major Leonard, son Charles, gave lecture on Eugenics to local Society, 289
DAVIES
Elizabeth, dau. John, married dealer in chamois, 348
John, manager Sickle Braid Mill c.1871-c.1891, 340
possible connexion with leather dressing at Pitfold Mill, 348
DAVIS, under-foreman at Sickle Braid Mill 1871, 340
DAVISON, Mr Crawford of Frensham
gave timber for St Stephen's church, 209
injured by mob (politics), 118
DAWES
Eli, at Old Hatch Cottage, 145
Eli, Linchmere encroachment 1830s-40s, 139
Eli, sentenced for assault and stealing tools 1825, 146
Moses, at Lower Pitfold Farm 1841, 152, 300
DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. see EDUCATION
DEAN
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 170
William, lead-stealing suspect 1837, possibly indicted by James III, 193, 196
DEANES FARM
held by Uptons at 1730s, 21
James Simmons I bought 1760 for son James II, 25, 29
occupiers 1800s, Berrys, Staceys, Luffs, Wheelers and Stillwells, 296-97
Rev Henry Baker bought from James III 1835, 66
William Oliver bought 1882, 296
William Stillwell emigrated, Australian Nat. Trust holds his house 'Haslemere', 296
DENYER
called 'Blind', a Linchmere labourer, 143
George of Haslemere, transported, 195
DIARIES [1831-68] of James Simmons III, volumes missing in 1832-4, 1848-9, 1855-6 & 1865, 58, 97
DICKHURST [near Gospel Green], James Baker neglected property, 281
DIDLESFOLD MANOR
James Simmons I held land parcel in near Sussex Bell, 26
Passed to James III, no further record, 26
DISSENT/DISSENTERS. see NONCONFORMITY
DOE, Sarah, widow, built illegal cottage Waggoners Wells, Mrs Simmons set up Sunday school there 1840, 155, 158, 177, 253
DUNCE
Edward, miller and grocer, Lion Green, 328, 350
Edward, worked at Shotter Mill for Olivers, 101
George Eliot could not eat Dunce's bread, 351
George, at Shotter Corn Mill, long-time Oliver employee, 350
George, early postman, 361
George, photograph, 350
William, refused to sign James III's petition for Sunday closing of beer shops, 101
DYKES, Dr Oswald, tenant of Brookbank, a divine, 98
ECONOMY
agricultural depression at end Napoleonic Wars, early/mid 1800s harsh period for labouring poor, 18
agricultural depression from 1870s, 270
Committee on Wages 1824, 137
Corn Laws 1815-46, rising price of wheat, 137
land £3/acre 1850s, £200/acre 1904, 271
politically disturbed 1840s, bank failures, high interest rates etc., 76
poverty and hardship of labouring classes, 137
Trades Unions outlawed, 19
EDE, John & Thos, Simmons apprentices 1758 & 1789, 32
EDGELER
James, bonfire on Hindhead for 1887 jubilee, helped construct, 114
James, saddler, built houses bottom Critchmere Hill by 1911, 303
James, vice-president of Working Men's Club, 355
P, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
EDUCATION
Chandler, Albert Edward, Head of Shottermill Day School to 1927, 263
Church of England Day School Hindhead, 258
Church of England Day School Shottermill
insufficient room 1860, enlargement in 1867 near Church, Penfold designed, 261-62
opened 1846/7, supported by local subscription, Rev Candy's records, attendances, curriculum, 258-60
contemporary private schools (actual and literary) comparison, inc. Royal Naval School Haslemere, 248-50
Deaf & Dumb Asylum Old Kent Road, William Simmons at, founders, teaching methods, other local children at, 237-39
Education Acts 1880s-1902, primary education mandatory, places required rapidly increased, voluntary funding continued, 262, 322
governesses, employed by Major Candy (Rev's brother) and Olivers, 251, 279
governesses, status of, Ann dau James III governess 1840-47, 251
House of Commons Select Committee on Educ. of Poor, Day and Sunday Schools in Pitfold, Shottermill and Hindhead, 251
in Shottermill in nineteenth century, 1914 public enquiry into extension, voluntary support heavy burden, 232-64
James III at Midhurst Grammar, curriculum, discipline, 233-34
James IV at Guildford Grammar School, 234-37
John Wornham Penfold junior, 239
Newman and Cooper boys, James III's nephews and grandchildren, 240-42
of James III's daughters, nothing known, 232, 239
passive resistance movement to payment of education rate by Dissenters, in Shottermill Caleb Glover and Mills family, 263
Rev John Stedman (James III's cousin) Head of Guildford Grammar, 234-37
schools for Working Classes, Workhouse and Ragged Schools, 251, 260
schools in Haslemere, Linchmere, 258
Shottermill Day School
land for school 1867 sold by John Harding of Lees Cottage, 261
land for, Junction Place, given by James Simmons IV 1880s, 262, 283
land Lion Lane bought 1914 for Council Schools, 263
land purchased Woolmer Hill 1950, large Secondary School built, 263
land, Junction Place, extended 1885, 1893, 1896 and 1898 near Working Men's Club, 262
Simmons Private School for Girls at Petersfield and Chichester. see under NEWMAN-SIMMONS SCHOOL
Small family children, Richard & Henry, James III's step-grandchildren, at Repton and Cambridge, 242
Sunday Schools at Shottermill and Hindhead Simmons family established. see under SUNDAY SCHOOLS
teacher at Shottermill Day School Elizabeth Harding/Smith and dau. Kate Smith (aged 13), Elizabeth Booker, Caroline Tilbury[?], Mrs. Henry Harding and dau. Jessie, 175, 259
teacher Mrs Beale 1860s/70s, neglectful, 262
voluntary C of E schools replaced 1927 by Council Schools in Lion Lane, 263
workhouse, Easebourne, Henry Puttick teacher at 1836, Horshill 1840, and at Hindhead Day School 1871, 260
EGMONT, Earls of, held much Linchmere land late 1800s, 295
EGREMONT, Lord, Petworth Emigration Project 1830s, 150
ELIOT, George
Brookbank rented from John Small 1871, completed Middlemarch, 98, 273
could not eat local [Baker Dunce's] bread, 351
description of Shottermill in 1870s, 273
Wright calls 'Most famous woman of Victorian era', 277
ELLIS, Hon Charles
parish activities, 375
traveller, naturalist, bought Bakers' Frensham Hall [Farm] built new Frensham Hall (later St Mary's Abbey) 1894, 63, 285, 375
ELSTEAD MILL. see APPLETONS
EMIGRATION
of Hardings paper-makers, Clapshaws, a Mitchell, Newman, Hewitt, 113, 149
of Linchmere and Frensham labourers 1830s under Egremont's Petworth Project, James Helyer drowned at Quebec, letter from Wm Courtnage (wife Ann Madgwick of Haslemere), 150
time of great emigration 1830s and 40s, 113
William Stillwell to Australia 1878, 296
ENCLOSURES 1850s
allotments received by Simmons, Rev Wm Parson of Sturt and James Baker, 87, 270-71
allotments received by small copyholders in Shottermill, 270-71
allotments, some sold by James IV to Wm Hy Rushbrooke & Geo Wm Eyre, 88
anticipated 1831, not carried out until 1850s, 86
Critchmere Common divided between James Baker & James IV, 271
Simmons felt ill done by, 87
squatters received nothing, broom-makers' access to commons limited, 272
ENCROACHMENTS
attitude of Linchmere manor officials and tenants, 138
encroachers in Linchmere manor 1800s, list [individuals not all indexed], 138-41
encroachments in Pitfold Manor 1826-32, by members of Voller, White, Combes, Boxall, Helyer, Kingshott, Neale, Cover, Dean, Harding, Dow, Roe and Lawrence families [not indexed individually], 153-61
in Nutcombe Valley by Stephen Combes 1830s, 158
ETHERIDGE, Rev Sanders [of Haslemere 1868]
founded first parish library 1874, 359
little initial knowledge of Haslemere/ Shottermill, 269
ETHERINGTON
broom and papermaker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 171, 319
James, at Buffbeards 1841, 152
James, Linchmere encroachment 1830s-40s, 139
James, parish payment, 144
James, stealer of bacon, apprehended by James IV and special constable, 194
widow of Linchmere parish, 143, 145
William, paperman, property stolen 1839, 193
William, parish payment, 144
EUGENICS
Major Leonard Darwin (son Charles) gave lecture, 289
Nettleship officer local Branch, other local members Russells, Hutchinsons, Hedley Fittons, Muirs, Mrs Guinness, Bishop Selwyn, Brownrigg of Fernden school, 289
EVERITT, Samuel, at Pitfold Mill 1831, hardly making living, 61
EYRE, George William, Lt.Col, purchased enclosure allotments 1850s as investments, 88, 271
FAIRMINER, Richard, aged pauper, at Deanes Farm 1901, 297
FAMILY TREE
of Frogley in Haslemere Museum Archive, 171
of Simmons relations [Newmans, Coopers, Lucases, Eggars, Trimmers] in Haslemere Museum Archive, 130
Oliver family, 67
FARNHAM MANOR. see under James Baker jnr for bankruptcy and sale of Farnham manor copyholds
disputed boundary with Pitfold Manor settled by decree 1850s, 271
supposed customs of manor, 272
FEAST, John, publican at Staff of Life, 311
FENN, Alice Maud
American journalist, stayed at Springhead, wrote about Shottermill 1880s, 129
describes James IV as a 'real country gentleman', 105, 364
describes typical Sunday morning scene early 1880s, 72
on broom-maker dwellings and heather brooms, 156, 158, 321
on local bread, 351
on postal service, 361
on Rev Candy, 220
on rustic, primitive Shottermill 1880s, 274, 278, 305, 347
on sheep-washing in mill stream, 322
on St Stephen's church, 227
FIELD END [on Lower Lion]
Charles Roberts at, 1879, 228, 302
Henry 'Dukey' Moorey died at, 313
James III retired to 1847, bought from Wm Moorey 1859, 50, 79, 104, 107, 183
left jointly to dau. Ann and son William, 130
picture, 107
FIELDER
Richard held Shotter corn mill 1730s, leased to Simmons c.1780, 21, 29
Simmons, James III, bought from Fielders c.1805/7, 33, 55
FIELDING
James, son of Rev, had throats of 30 ewes cut 1839, 192
Rev James, his Overseers of Poor 1785 contested by James Simmons II and William Simmons, 42
FIRE BRIGADE
Grayshott & Hindhead
Captain Frank Shaw chief officer, 293
fire at Tarn Moor, 359
founded 1906, also served Shottermill, 358-59
Haslemere
accident in East Street, 378
FISH FARMING. see SURREY TROUT FARM
FORESTERS Friendly Society of Guildford, creditor of bankrupt James Baker, 282
FORSTER, Miss Elizabeth
bought part Lane End Farm, built Shottermill Hall (later Holy Cross), 263, 285, 286
built many houses for working men in Lion Lane, eg. Chilcroft Villas, also Quedley, Stile House & Eccleslea, 287, 303, 370
parish activities, 375
restrictions on site offered for Working Men's Club, 355
FOURDRINIER
Joseph, leased Sickle, New and Pitfold mills 1850-1852, failed, 83
paper-making machine, 20, 44, 45
FOX, Emma, Ann Simmons' niece, at Cherrimans, active in parish, 96, 365
FREESTONE, Frederick
'Great Trek' on foot with 7 children, Cambridgeshire to Shottermill, 100 miles, 317
publican at Royal Oak, family associated with to 1960s, 311
FREND, Rev E.G.C., vicar of Shottermill parish 1909-33, 228, 304
FRENSHAM HALL [FARM]
Critchmere Farm rebuilt, renamed Frensham Hall by Edward James Baker, c.1840, 63, 280
held by James Baker, after crash sold to Underwood 1887, then went to Ellis who built new Frensham Hall (later St Mary's Abbey), 285, 299
picture, 64
FRENSHAM PARISH
divided into ecclesiastical districts of Shottermill and Churt, troubles with Rev Stephens, 206-8
Mary Hewett's thesis on, 223
FROGLEY
among Linchmere parish poor, 143
broom-makers 1871 through 1891, 156, 319
family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 171
family tree in Haslemere Museum Archive, 171
G, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
GARDNER & LUFF, Shottermill builders, 326
GARLAND
James and widow publicans at Staff of Life, 311
shoemaker family left Brookbank on arrival of Anne Gilchrist, 98, 307
Widow, servant of Ann Gilchrist, 307
GEIKIE, Miss, in accident, 378
GENT, Thomas
initiated Working Men's Club 1891, 355
revived leather dressing at Pitfold mill in 1880s, 343, 347
GEORGIAN HOUSE, Haslemere, Rayner Storr at 1875, 275
GILCHRIST, Anne
accident in pony chaise, 115
induced Tennyson to settle in the area, 276
rented Brookbank from John Small 1862-72, 98
seminal to choice of area by writers' colony, 276
GILHAMS FARM
Cowdray sold to John Neale of Bohunt 1826, passed to Chalcrafts, 297-98
farmed 1800s by Madgwicks, 180, 297
GILL, William
allotment for Blossom Cottage 1850s, 271
cordwainer, grocer, post master, followed Thos Knight at Blossom Cottage, 165, 168, 305, 307, 360
GLOVER, Caleb
butcher/grocer etc. business at Lees Cottage, 305
first weekly refuse collector, voluntary scheme, 360
nonconformist, refused to pay education rate toward C of E school, 263
GOLDHAWK FRAMING CO, originally Lion Lane Mission Hall, 304, 376
GOLDSMITH, James, heir of James Baker, purchased Pitfold Mill 1903, 280, 300, 348, 368
GORDON, Dr of Haslemere
James III sold Cherrimans to, 72
James IV leased Cherrimans from Gordon 1848, bought back 1854, 82, 108
GRAINGER, Stewart, at Watts/Dexam after 1945, 297
GRANGE, The, at Hindhead, 370
GRAYSHOTT
fast development from very small hamlet, in 1880s, 277
Flora Thompson at, 276
poor quality housing, alarm in 1897, 327
St Luke's, new parish 1901, 377
Tennyson at, 279
GREAT PURPRESTURE
access to James IV's Lion Field [now Tescos] cut off by Railway, 90
James III retains 1836, 72
James IV took Rail Co. to court re Lion Field access, won case, 91
Joseph Cornelius sold 1761 Purpresture meadow to James Simmons I, 26
Rev Chas Cooper (heir of James IV for Lion Field) sold to Shottermill Council 1909 as Public Recreation Ground, 92
GREENAWAY
broom-making family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 172-73
dissenting family, 163
family held legal copyhold cottages on Lion Green, 160
family occupied (probably) Mellow Cottage during 1800s, 304
John making cricket bats c1900, 307
Stephen of Lion Lane received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
GREENFIELD, Edmund, Haslemere shopkeeper, furnished James III with £1,000 mortgage 1805, 55
GREVATT, George, carter for James III's, 101
GROVER, John. see also under HAMMER BRICKWORKS
bought and extended Standage's works, 325
built Hammer brickworks, 325
came to Hindhead 1895, a builder, 325
founded 1902 Hindhead & District Electric Light Co., 358
nonconformist, built chapels at Hindhead and Camelsdale, 325
GUILDFORD GRAMMAR SCHOOL
James Simmons IV educated at, teaching, curriculum, 81, 234-37
Rev Henry Ayling and Rev John Stedman Headmasters at, 234
HALE, Frederick, miller at Shotter Corn Mill c1858-65, 70
HALL
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 173, 319
dissenting family, 163
family held legal copyhold cottages on Lion Green, 160
James of Lion Lane received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
James, packer Sickle braid mill 1901, 343
New Mill, connexion with unknown Hall family, possibly Ralph of Shottermill St also Halls, corn millers & papermakers of Godalming, Eashing and Chilworth, 35
some took up building work, 324
William, smith, occupied Blossom Cottage, 306
HAMMER BRICK WORKS
Arthur Moorey killed at, 184, 326
modern plant established by John Grover c.1900, closed 1938, 325-26
photograph, 326
HAMMER FARM
farmed 1800s by Madgwicks, 297
George Madgwick of Hammer farm in charge of Lion Lane sanitation, 358
Thomas, last Quennell at, 1730s, 21
went to Lashams, Neales of Bohunt and Bramshott Chalcrafts, 297
HAMMER VALE
broom-making, 156, 158, 272, 295, 319, 320
HAMMER VALE POTTERY, business of W.W. Stallworthy and Radley Young 1901-1911, 326
HAMPTON, William, publican at Staff of Life, 311
HARDING, carpenters, builders & post office
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 165
family early members of Shottermill Council, 279
family history, Stephen, James and son James, and Henry, 327
Harding Bros. the Camelsdale Builders, 327-29
Henry at Shottermill St Post Office 1880, 360
J & E.V., fell in 1914-18 War, 359
James, Lion Green carpenter
received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
shop broken into and pork stolen 1847, 193
supplied timber for St. Stephen's, 210
wife died from influenza, 123
James, son of carpenter James of Lion Green, at Lower Pitfold Farm, 300
Jessie Harding of the PO married Frank Mitchell, 354
John had coffee shop on Lion Green c.1900, 307
Joseph, son of carpenter James, at Lower Pitfold Farm 1841, 152
Kate Harding of the PO married Harry Oliver, 352
Mrs Henry and dau Jessie, teachers at Shottermill Day School, 262
school prizes for Harding children, 376
Thomas and bro. James 1841 inherited Ramblers and Beech from John Clapshaw, 149
Thomas, builder, built Working Men's Club, 355
HARDING, papermaking family - Simmons employees
Abraham accident in mill, 116
Abraham Ebenezer and Charles emigrated, Abraham shipwrecked, 114
dissenting family, 163
Elizabeth Harding/Smith and Kate Smith teachers at Shottermill Day School, 259
family history in 1800s, 173-76
Jeremiah encroached on lands near Mill, 1830s, 139
Jeremiah, Simmons' tenant at Shotter Corn Mill 1832-39, 67, 144
John (of the sin) owner Lees Cottage sold land for Shottermill school extension 1867, 261
John and Charles Harding, papermakers, troublesome, John sacked for sin, 126
Reuben of Haslemere Baptist chapel, open air baptisms near Jesse Mann's, 299
Reuben of Lees Cottage, Shottermill, cordwainer, Nonconformist pastor, 229, 305
HASLEMERE
described as 'eyesore' late 1850s just before railway, 274
early arrivals incl. Whympers (Town House), Hutchinsons (Weydown/Inval), Newmans (Stoatley/Hazlehurst), Mangles (Valewood), Buckton (Weycombe), Tennyson (Aldworth), Rayner Storr (The Georgian House), Wolseley (Manor House) etc., 274-75
gas came 1868, Kings Road works, 273
Hindhead Literary Coterie meetings at Haslemere Museum, 276, 278
new houses 'very abominable in look' 1877, 275
peasant arts movement in, 372
revitalised by railway 1859, new buildings, inns, chapels, etc., 269, 274
Shottermill became part of Haslemere UDC 1933, 358, 366
Sickle Mill leased by Pelmore to Haslemere UDC 1925, sold outright 1930, 344
state of sewerage arrangements, critical account in The Lancet, 276
HAYES, James and son worked Shotter Mill smithy early 1900s, 308
HAZLEHURST, Newmans at, 275
HEADLEY
Charles Collins of Headley, cow shot and barns burned 1839, 192
Grayshott ancient part of Headley parish, 277
Headley and Kingsley Association for the Prosecution of Felons, 1806, 197
papermaking in, Barford & Standford mills, 73, 174, 185, 187
parish of St Luke's, Grayshott established 1901 out of parts Sh'mill, Headley and Churt, 377
workhouse sacked in 1830 riot, 125, 192
HEALTH
diagnosis and treatment primitive, medicine often worse than ailment, 121
infectious diseases 'flu, smallpox, cholera, typhoid, and tuberculosis, death in childbed, infant mortality, and usual childhood diseases, scarlet fever, 118-24
inoculation, 123
James III's letter re imminent death of dau. Ellen from measles, 119
local deaths from 'flu, typhoid, typhus, smallpox, etc, 123
local doctors Haines, Clothier, Smith, Stedman, Johnson, Gordon, of Haslemere, 121
of Simmons and Shottermill community [with individuals], 118-24, 152
Simmons practical help to local labourers, 122
William Cooper letter to betrothed Catherine Simmons, 119
HEATHER, William, Fernhurst cordwainer bought Punch Bowl Inn (not present Hotel) & 2 Cottages 1850s, 271
HEATHERBANK later WEYSPRINGS
built by George Smith, artist, 286
photograph, 286
Rev John Wallace and Bishop John Selwyn at, 286
HELYER/HILYER
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 176-77, 319
Elizabeth sent by Simmons to Deaf & Dumb Asylum, 239
Elizabeth/Caroline[?] teacher at Hindhead Day School 1840s, 253, 259
James/John emigrant drowned at Quebec, 150
HEWETT, Mary, thesis on Frensham parish, 204, 223
HEWITT, Ann, daughter of Uncle Humphrey Simmons, 78, 95, 113
HIGH PITFOLD FARM
bought by Shotters of Pitfold between 1727 and 1772, 40
bought from Shotters by Mardens or Bakers at 1781 Auction, 30, 62
Jane Chuter, Baker tenant 1851, James Poor 1871, 300
occupied by labourers and broom-makers middle 1800s, 300
part of Hindhead Court Estate, late 1800s, one of few farms working 1950, 300
HIGH PITFOLD HOUSE
Professor Williamson, built High Pitfold House 1887, 292
Williamson's steward at, Henry Madgwick, 292, 300
HILDERS
Lord Aberconway at, 288
military hospital 1914-18, 287, 288
school 1920s & later, 288
HILL
Edith of Camelsdale working Peasants Arts Movement, 372
William. butcher, 306
HINDHEAD
broom-makers in Punchbowl at end 1800s, Nash, Boxalls & Snellings, 272
Charles Dickens visit to Punchbowl 1901, 276
discovery of its beauty and solitude by writers' community 1880s-90s, 275
end of Writers Community in early 1900s, 285
fast development from 1880s, by early 1900s 'Residential District', 'Holiday Resort', many large houses built, shops, hotels, schools, The Huts good class hotel, became ecclesiastical parish (St Alban's) in 1908, 277, 303, 313-17
late 1800s, no longer 'villainous place' but 'naturalists' paradise', 283
Moorings built by Rollo Russell, 315
originally only The Huts at the crossroads, 313
Pollock at Hindhead Copse, High Pitfold 1884, also Grant Allen, Rayner Storr, Russells, Conan Doyle, Shaw, etc. at 1890s, see Trotter, Hilltop Writers, 275
Professor Tyndall at Hindhead House 1883, 275, 315-16
Punch Bowl Inn, beerhouse, Punchbowl Cottages built behind, 315
schools - Day, Sunday, Hindhead Private Girls School, 252, 253, 255, 287, 300, 316
Small cottages, 10 new in 1861, 16 in 1891, occ. by labourers etc., 303
Thorshill Pension built by Rollo Russell - Punch Bowl Inn demolished after 1916 and name transferred to Thorshill Pension, now the Devil's Punchbowl Hotel, 315
HINDHEAD PRIVATE GIRLS SCHOOL, at Brackenhurst on SE corner Hindhead Crossroads, 316
HINE, painter, at Watts House in 1881, 292, 297
HOAD
Ann marr. Rchd. Holt, Dority marr. John Combes, Sarah marr. Wm Upton, 24
at cottages around Shottermill Ponds 1730s, 21
daughters of John Hoad sickle maker at Sickle Mill 1730s, 21
daughters sold Sickle Mill to James Simmons I in 1736, 24, 25, 32
John I bought Wheeler's Leasehold Cott [Arnold's] 1751, Ramblers 1752, and Corner Cottage 1769, 147
John I of Shottermill, wheelwright, 147
John I supplied Bakers of Pond Cottage with mortgage 1741, 147
John II built Beech Cottage mid.1700s, 147
John II, wheelwright, left property to son John III wheelwright of Haslemere, & sons-in-law Francis Kervell and Richard Moorey, 147
Shotter Corn Mill inherited 1689 by Gregory Hoad from Edward Briday, 147
wheelwright family, 147
HOLLAND
Charles, retired Prebendary Chichester Cathedral at Watts Farm, 297
Frederick, retired solicitor at Springhead 1901, 296
HOLLIST
Linchmere landowners from late 1700s, 295
HOLT
George indicted for poaching in Linchmere, 196
Richard, married Ann Hoad of Sickle Mill, 24
HOLY CROSS HOSPITAL, on land of Shottermill Hall built by Elizabeth Forster, 124, 285
HOMEWOOD, at Pitfold Mill early 1900s, 348
HONEYHANGER
Lord Aberconway at, 283, 288
Methuen at 1897, 288
Sir Henry Norman at, 288
HOOKER, William and two sons, papermakers, at New Mill, 1840, 35, 125
HOUSING
in Grayshott, 1897, 327
in Lion Green/Lane, Critchmere, Camelsdale, Wey Hill, 1901, 152, 313, 371
new housing in Shottermill from 1880s, 303
HOWARD
Fernhurst parish connexions, 51
John married 1802 Rebecca Lunnon of Wooburn, aunt of Ann Lunnon wife of James Simmons IV, 51, 81
John paper-maker of Wooburn, Bucks, leased Simmons' Sickle, Pitfold and New Mills, Lower Pitfold Farm and Tanyard Cotts 1801-11 during James III's minority, 51-54, 55
Thomas, paper maker, buried Haslemere 1741, 32, 51
HOWICK, Levi, postman for 38 years, 361
HUNTER, Sir Robert
description of Shottermill 1903, referring to disfiguring clay pits, 278
National Trust foundation 1895, 290
HUSSEY, Israel, paid rates on Tanyard 1750-6, 41
HUTCHINSON
builders, 326, 368, 371
Sir Jonathan, bought Weydown Estate, later at Inval 1872, 274
socially active family, talent for 'amusing dramatic entertainment', 374, 376
HUTS. see ROYAL HUTS
illustrations, list of, 10
INSURANCE, on Sickle Mill 1760s, 1780s & early 1800s, for corn and paper, 32, 33
IPING PAPER MILL
Pewtress of Iping Mill worked Simmons mills 1850, 78, 82, 344
Trade Union trouble at 1801, 20
IRON. see Northpark furnace and Pophole hammer
JACKSON, Frederick
Hampstead solicitor, buyer of James Baker lands, 282
parish activities, 375
sold The Chalet to Miss Julia James, built Tarn Moor, 283
Tarn Moor burned down 1907, 359
JAMES, Miss Marion Julia
at West Down on A3, built Mount Alvernia, 283, 290
bought 'The Chalet' from Jackson, Frank Russell occ. 1895, 283
left land to National Trust, Miss James's Walk, 290
one of main landholders in early 1900s, 283
shared West Down with the Bulleys, 283
JENNINGS, George, local carpenter, ill, had help from Simmons 1843, 122
JOHNSON
George, marr. Ann Newman, lived at Walworth, 95
Haslemere doctor, 121, 122
William died of cholera, 1849, 123
JONES, Alice of Grayswood, Catherine of Shottermill, worked for Peasant Arts Movement, 372
JUDGE
G, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
KARN, early papermaker name, 33
KEARVELL/KERVELL
Francis encroachments adjoining wheeler's shop [Arnold's] 1830s-40s, 139
Francis fell from loft, died at Oliver's New House, Three Gates Lane 1844, 71, 147
Francis inherited Wheeler's Leasehold Cottage from John Hoad II 1804, 147
Mary, dau of Francis, marr. William Oliver of New House, 70
KEENE, James, leather dresser at Pitfold 1871, 347
KIN[G]SHOTT, Arthur, pump maker, 307
KING, Joseph & Maude, of Peasant Arts Movement, at Weaving House, Kings Road, 292
KINGETT, papermaker 1754, 32
KNIGHT, Thomas, grocer at Blossom Cottage, 305, 306
LABOURING CLASSES
early marriage and bastardy, 161-64
effect of Speenhamland Poor Law System on, 162
James III concern over 'dark state of poor cottagers' in Pitfold, 202
lawlessness of in Shottermill in 1800s, 192-98
occupational changes in late 1800s, 272
receivers of Smith's charity, 164-66
report of 1834 Poor Law Commission on, 162
the Surrey Side, 152
the Sussex Side, 137
LAMDIN, Albert, coal merchants at Blossom Cott, 306
LAND USE, 104, 136
LANE END FARM
buildings description 1832, 302
Combe family at 1730s, 20
Combes sold to Roger Shotter V of Pitfold 1770, 40
James Simmons II bought from Roger Shotter V, 1781, inc. Buffbeards, 30, 40
James Simmons III 1836 sold to Edward James Baker, 63
purchased by Eliz. Forster 1880s, built Shottermill Hall on, 285, 286
Robert Luffs farmed 1832-1870s, 301
Samuel Craft and large family there in 1881, 301
unoccupied 1891, reoccupied 1901 by gardener, now demolished, 301
LARBEY/LARBY
family members on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
George, foreman Sickle braid factory 1861 to closure, 339
Sidney, bicycle builder c.1900, 307
LASHAM
family at Hammer Farm mid-1800s, 51, 297
John of Hammer Farm, bacon stolen, James IV and 'special' caught culprit, 193, 194
LAW AND ORDER/CRIME
analysis of robbery and violent crime (Beattie), 197
Associations for Prosecution of Felons in Haslemere, Liphook, Pitfold & Linchmere - Meeting called 1839 by Edwd James Baker to appoint rural police (specials), 197
broom-makers and labourers, lawlessness of in Shottermill in 1800s, 192-98
Headley & Kingsley Prosecuting Assoc. formed 1806, 197
offences in Linchmere parish, 196
offences often very petty pilfering, few Frensham parish Quarter Sessions cases 1750-1850, many acquittals, prosecution left to victim, 194
Peterloo 1819, 19
problems of crime detection and prosecution, 193
provision for assisting poor with costs of prosecution, 197
rates paid to informers, 197
solitary confinement as punishment, 194
LAWRENCE
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 177-79, 319
broom-making supplies set alight 1839, 192
Edward received allotment in 1850s, 271
James victualler at Huts 1841, 313
last broom-maker in 1871, 178
LEATHER DRESSING. see PITFOLD MILL
LEATS
to foundry in Kings Road, 309
to Shotter Corn Mill, 72, 344, 350
to Sturt Hammer/Sickle Mill Pond, 24
LEE
Christopher Lee and Robert Salmon founded Haslemere Congregational Sunday School 1792, 229, 252
dissenting family of Lees Cottage, 163
grave of Christopher, 229
LEES COTTAGE
Hardings at, 174, 175, 187, 262
James Cousens (marr Eliz. Harding) butcher 1871, Caleb Glover, 305
James Cousens bought 1868, 175
Sarah Harding/Smith received allotment 1850s, 271
survived turn of century building development, 303
LEGGATT, Elias, fruiterer 1890s, 306
LEMARE, Alfred, pianoforte warehouse in Guildford, James Baker creditor, 281
LENEY, David, at Rats Castle Fishery 1929, 354
LIBRARY, in Shottermill Mission Room & Working Men's Club, on Wey Hill, 356, 359
LIGHTFOOT, John Lill
leased Sickle Mill 1849-50 from Simmons, failed, leaving debts, 82
mugged 1849 returning from Hindhead, 192
LIGHTING
gas at Shottermill and Critchmere 1903, 358
single oil lamp at Hindhead crossroads, 368
LINCHMERE MANOR/PARISH
community round Shottermill ponds, 142, 146-49
crime in, few cases, re. maintenance of bastards and (marital) assault, 196
James Simmons IV and William Oliver late 1880s held farms in, 295
labourers, occupations, housing, 141
main landholders, after Bakers and their heirs the Parsons, Egmonts, Hollists, Bramshott Chalcrafts, and Pratt Barlows, 295
manor of Linchmere descent through Montagues, Poyntz, Egmont, Sir Weetman Pearson (Lord Cowdray), 21, 295
Poor Rate disbursements, 142-46
population 1800s, 295
proposal to set up Association for Prosecuting Felons not carried, 197
LINTON COTTAGE. see CHUTER
LION COMMON AND LION LANE
broom-makers on, 160
charcoal burning on, 193
cottages (old) demolished, replaced by eg. Chilcroft Villas, Hope Terrace, etc by local builders and Elizabeth Forster, 303
encroachments, impossible to restore to original size, decreed public rec. area, 357
George Rapson smithy opposite Lion Green, 308
housing in Lion Lane, 152, 287, 303, 324, 372
Mission Hall now Goldhawk Framing Co., 304, 376
Recreation Ground 1850s, poor facilities, 1910 new Ground Lower Lion, 271, 356
retailers in 1880s, growth in 1890s, list, increase in scope of goods, 306
sanitation problems late 1800s, 124, 358
school in Lion Lane 1927, 263
Shottermill Cricket Club refused to play on 1897, 356
trees planted 1905, 357
LION FIELD
court case over access, 91
now Tescos, 91, 357
LION INN
Benefit Club at 1861, 110
Chuters built and owned, also built Linton Cottage, 312
victuallers, Geo. Marden 1861, Wm. Waller 1871, George/Henry Moorey, 312-13
LITERACY, poor, as in records St Stephen's 1847-93, 160, 279
LONGDOWN cottages built by Thomas Chuter, bought by Prof. Tyndall from John Chuter, 283
LOWDER MILL
George Madgwick miller early 1800s, 180, 298
John Lucas owned, 26, 57
LOWER PITFOLD FARM
descent from Pitfold Shotters at 1730's, to James Simmons II 1781, James III to Edward James Baker 1836, to death James Baker 1894, 20, 30, 63, 281, 299
description of 1832, 299
farm later known as Pitfold Manor House, 64, 280
leased by Simmons to John Howard 1801-10, 53
occupiers/farming tenants
James Harding son Lion Green carpenter & timber dealer, 1840s/50s, 300
Jas Webb, Jas Wheeler, Moses Dawes, John Windebank, Joseph Harding 1841, 152
John Clapshaw, Simmons/Baker tenant early 1800s, 149
Madgwick broom-maker, Henry Moorey in farm cottages 1840s-50s, 300
Richard Chandler, Baker farm servant at in 1861, 300
tenants Edward Berry 1871, Clement Heath 1888, 300
William Madgwick tenant of James Goldsmith, Baker's heir, 1911, 300
photograph, 280
LUCAS
family [of Lowder Mill] held water meadows near Carpenters Heath, 26, 57
family tree in Haslemere Museum, 130
James (marr. to Eliz. Newman) at Farncombe, Bedhampton & Hawksfold, 95
John L./James III disagreement over use water for water meadows/ Sickle mill, 57
John Lucas connexion with Shotter Corn Mill c.1840, 69
sold Courts Hill to Thos Penfold 1814, 27
LUFF
connexion [with Peter Aylwin] with Clay Hill Brickworks, 324
family at Deanes Farm late 1800s, 296
family members on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
Robert Luffs farmed Lane End & Buffbeards 1830s-1870s, 301
sheep killed at Lane End 1835, 192
Shottermill builders, 326
V, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
LUNNON
Ann married James Simmons IV 1845, 81
James IV at Lunnons Hedsor paper mills, whilst Sickle leased out, 83
Mrs Acton probably sister of Thos. Lunnon paper-maker of Wooburn, 86
Rebecca marr. John Howard who leased Simmons Mills 1801-11, 51
Thomas of Wooburn papermaker died 1841, father of Ann, bro. of Rebecca, 81, 86
Tom, brother of Ann Lunnon/Simmons, apprenticed at Sickle 1841, successful paper-maker at Hedsor, 95
MACDONALD, Sir Archibald and Lady Margaret of Woolmer Lodge, 258
MADGWICK
Ann of Haslemere emigrated 1830s to Niagara with. husband Wm Courtnage, 150
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 179-81, 319
broom-maker Madgwicks at Lower Pitfold Farm 1841-61, 300
F, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
farmed Gilhams, Bridge and Hammer Farms in 1800s, longest farming record, 297
Frank, sergeant instructor of Church Lads Brigade, 376
George of Hammer Farm in charge of Lion Lane sanitation, 358
George, leather worker at Pitfold Mill, 348
George, miller at Lowder Mill, early 1800s, 180, 298
Henry, steward of Prof. Williamson's High Pitfold House, 180, 292
members of family on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
some took up building work, 324
William occupier of Springhead 1805, 53
William, broom-maker, Linchmere encroacher 1790s, 138
William, Goldsmith's tenant at Lower Pitfold Farm 1911, 181
William, wood & coal dealer and farmer at Woolmer 1890s, 302
young Madgwicks of Linchmere parish among poor, 143
MAIDMAN
at Springhead & Washers Farms 1730s, 21
sold part Washers to Wm Simmons 1781 for bldg of New Mill, 29
sold Springhead and rest of Washers to Thomas Sayers, 1781, 34
MANGLES, James Henry, at Valewood 1859, 275
MANOR HOUSE [in Three Gates Lane], Lord Garnet Wolseley at 1887, 275
MAPS
boundaries of parishes surrounding Shottermill, 8
development of Hindhead Cross Roads 1870-1916, 314
Hundred and Manor of Farnham, 14
land left to the National Trust by people of Shottermill, 291
Land use in Shottermill 1839-46, 136
list of in this book, 11
mills on historical maps, 38
Rocque 1768, Sickles paper mill first appears on, 30
Shottermill area circa 1777, 6
Shottermill today, 268
Simmons lands from 1736 to 1832, 16
MARDEN
George, victualler at the Red Lion, 1861, 110, 172, 312
possibly purchaser of High Pitfold Farm in 1781, 30
MARLEY
Marley Farm buildings burned down 1852, 193
MARSHALL
James, Shottermill builder, 326
William Cecil, architect, at Tweenways (now Hindhead Music Centre), 289
MASTERS, leather dresser at Pitfold Mill, 343, 347
MELLOW COTTAGE [Lion Lane], survived turn of century demolition of old cottages, occupied by Greenaways, 172, 304
MERE COTTAGE [Linchmere Hill]. see PURSLEY
METHUEN. see STEDMAN
MIDDLE PITFOLD FARM & PITFOLD HOUSE
Benifolds at Farm 1730s, 21
description of Pitfold House, 301
Farm occ. by lab/broom-maker Madgwicks, Strugnells, Combes, Halls, 180, 300
Farm, James Baker of Stilland at c.1776, inherited by Edward James, 62
Farm, Jane Chuter a Baker tenant 1841, 300
Beveridges at Pitfold House 1893 to 1929, 300
photograph, 301
Pitfold House built by James Baker of Stilland, 62
Pitfold House, James Baker jnr. installed organ in Great Barn, 281
Pitfold House, last James Baker lived in, 299
MIDDLEMARCH. see BROOKBANK
MIDHURST
James Simmons I bought Montague property in 1754, 25
James Simmons III weekly boarder at Midhurst Grammar, 51, 233
Midhurst Grammar School, curriculum, teaching methods, social life of boys, 233-34
MILITARY BRAID, made at Sickle Mill, 331
MILL TAVERN. see RAILWAY TAVERN
MILLS. see Iping Paper Mill, Lowder Mill, New Mill, Pitfold Mill, Sickle Mill, Shotter Mill
MILLS FAMILY
grocers and drapers at Junction Place 1890s, 305, 307
John of Kingsley Green early postman, 361
Kate of Junction Place, Nonconformist, refused to pay education rate, 264
MISSION ROOM
at Longdown, erected Mrs Nettleship, 377
in Lion Lane. see GOLDHAWK FRAMING CO
in Lion Lane, library, 287, 304, 360, 376
MITCHELL, Frank, husband of Jessie née Harding, foreman Surrey Trout Farm, built fishponds at Rats Castle, 262, 354
MONKHOUSE, Rev John, rector of Bramshott found the relaxed attitude to chastity upsetting in 1822, 163
MOOREY
Arthur, fatal accident at Hammer Brickworks, 326
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 155, 181-84
broom-making continuing 1871 through 1915, George probably last local, 319
building family in late 1800s, 272, 324
Critchmere, Moorey brickworks at, 327
Edward of Lion Green, summonsed by James III, 157
Edward, 'Royal Broom-maker', of Clay Hill, large employer, 156, 157
family held legal copyhold cottage on Lion Green, 160
family members on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
family tree in Haslemere Museum, 182
George and Henry licensees of Lion Inn 1873-1938, also builders, 312, 313, 327
George of Lion Green, had last broomshop 1911, 173, 184
Henry 'Dukey' died at Field End in 1949, 313
Henry and Eliz of Lion Green ill 1841, 152
Henry labourer at Lower Pitfold Farm mid 1800s, 300
Henry, incurable heart disease, 122
John at Chichester Infirmary, leg ulcers, recurrence due to lack of repentance, 122
John of Springhead died of smallpox, 123
John, husband of Eliz. née Berry, died of typhus, 124
John, son of Royal Broom-maker, helped found Haslemere Cooperative Society, 293
Richard [bap. 1756] inherited property/ money from John Hoad II 1805, 147
Richard [bap. 1756] purchased Lion Green Cottage 1809, 148
Richard [bap. 1782] publican at Royal Oak from 1839, 311
unknown Mr Moorey purchased broomsticks 1797 from Jas Baker of Stilland, 157
William inherited Lion Green Cottage 1822 from father Richard, 148
William of Linchmere parish, ran away from home and family 1822, 143
William sold Field End to James III 1859, 108
William, Linchmere parish Constable, 148
William, son of Richard, wheelwright, at Wheeler's Leasehold Cott. 1860s-70s, 148
MOOREY'S COTTAGE [on Lion Green]
Richard [bap. 1756] bought 1809, 148
Richard passed to son William 1822, who built Field End on part, 148
Thomas Chuter bought Wm. Moorey's cottage 1849, 312
MOORINGS, THE, built by Rollo Russell, 315
MOUNT ALVERNIA, now Nursing Home, originally Holiday Hostel built by Miss James, 283, 290
MUIR
forebears of Richard, president of Haslemere Museum, came to Farnham Lane, contributed to social and financial well-being of Shottermill, and to Nat. Trust, 293
W.E, financial contributor to Working Men's Club, officer Nursing Assoc, 356
MULLEN, Henry
common brewer, bought Anchor House 1791, 148
sold Anchor to John Clapshaw 1809, 148
MURRAY, William, boiler maker c.1900, 307
NAPPER, James, tanner at Tanyard Cotts 1630s, 38
NASH
broom-makers in Punchbowl late 1800s, 272
NATIONAL TRUST, founded 1895, supported by Hindhead Writers and later professional newcomers into Shottermill, 290
NEALE of Bohunt, held Gilhams and Hammer Farms 1800s, 297
NETTLESHIP, Edward
Mrs N. socially active, 289, 377
ophthalmic surgeon, at Nutcombe Hill, active in local Eugenics Society, experiments on albinoism in pekinese dogs, 289
NEW MILL
Absolam Atkins, foreman 1840, 125
built by Wm Simmons 1790s, on part Washers land bought 1781, 32, 34-37
demudding mill pond, 103
description of machinery in 1854, 352
fish stolen from mill pond 1854, 193
James III rented to Edward White 1819-22 and to Richard Smith 1823-4, 73
Land Tax, 37
leased to John Howard 1801-11 during James III's minority, 51, 55
leased to Joseph Fourdrinier 1850-52, failed, 83
not sold at James III's 1832 Auction, 61
official name of 'New or Hall's Mill' - identifying the Hall connexion, 35
on Greenwood map 1823 with water wheel symbol, 38
photograph in 1911, 34
preparation of 'half-stuff' at Pitfold Mill, 74
put up for auction 1854 in London, not sold, 85
rags, lead and fitments stolen 1837, 174, 193
railway line affected New Mill land, compensation, 90, 91
rented by Appletons braid-makers for two years, 1854-56, 85, 92, 333, 352
sold by James IV to Portsmouth Rail Co 1858, repurchased 1860, 91, 352
Standage ran small brickworks near New Mill late 1800s, 325
use during later 1800s for flour and leather, 352-53
use ended in dereliction, not sold 1903, demolished 1976, 353
William Hooker paper-maker and two sons at 1840, 125
NEWMAN
education of Newman boys, James III's nephews, 240
family tree in Haslemere Museum, 130
George (Jas III's bro-in-law) suffered arson at Fareham farm 1835, 192
George of Fareham died of typhoid, 120
John of Singleton's daughters managed father's farm, heir 'Wastrell John', 127
M, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
marriages of Anthony and Thomas to James III's sisters, marriage of James III to Charlotte Newman, 55-56, 95
Newman/Simmons contact at Midhurst Grammar, 56
Newman-Simmons School set up by Catherine Newman/Charlotte Simmons, 59, 232, 243
NEWMAN-SIMMONS SCHOOL
Kate Newman & Charlotte Simmons' Private School for Girls at Petersfield and Chichester, pupils, finances, curriculum, 232, 243
Kate Newman retired replaced by Ann Simmons 1848, 246
other contemporary schools (actual and literary) compared with, 248-50
NOBBS, early papermaker name, 33
NONCONFORMITY
Appletons of Sickle Braid Mill, Nonconformists, 230, 331
chapel, later United Reformed Church, opened Haslemere 1804, 229
families of Berrys, Oakfords, Greenaways, Halls, Walkers, Lees, Hardings, 162
in Shottermill, 229
Lees and Salmon families and Reuben Harding prominent, 229
movement divided on doctrine, secession, Hope Baptist Chapel established by Reuben Harding, 229
passive resisters to payment of education rate, 263
NORMAN, Sir Henry, MP, at Honeyhanger, 288
NORTHPARK IRON FURNACE
John Butler of Bramshott managed from 1730s, 21
NURSING ASSOCIATION
donations from Peter Aylwin and Lady Parker, 356
set up 1896 by Wallace family, became Three Counties Nursing Association, success, locations The Thicket and Nuthatch, 356
site presented by John Eggar Cooper in memory of James IV, 356
NUTCOMBE VALLEY
encroachment by Stephen Combes in 1830s, 158
Miss James's Walk, 290
ponds in and water system, 30, 109
views over from Undershaw, 276
O'LEARY, Tim, Irish fish hawker 1890s, 306
OAKFORD
dissenting family, 163
Robert, of Lion Green papermaker, witness to Wm Simmons' will, 33, 43
OLD [Pophole] HATCH COTTAGE, Eli Dawes at, 145
OLIVER of Shotter Corn Mill
family at Shotter mill 1819-22 and 1830s-1938 with break, 67-72
family tree, 67
George and Thomas, James III's tenants at Shotter Mill c.1820, 67
George miller to 1860s, retired to Oliver's Farm, Ansteadbrook, 70
George portrait, 68
Harry, son Wm. marr. Kate Harding of the P.O., 352
James III sold Shotter Corn Mill to George Oliver c.1832, 61, 69
photograph of Harry and Kate Oliver, 352
William (1804-63) farmed New House, Three Gates Lane, marr. Mary Kearvell, 70
William (1834-1899)
bought Anchor 1880s, 149
bought Blossom Cottage, sold to Bridgers 1895, 306
bought Watts and Deanes Farms late 1800s, 296, 297
dispute with Appletons over water supply to Shotter Mill, 344
employed governess to educate children at home, 251, 279
miller at Shotter Mill, 70
photograph, 70
possibly used New Mill for flour, 273, 353
William, apothecary (earlier), treatment of Thursley parish poor, 163
William, Sunday School teacher, 256
William's son Harry last Oliver at Mill, many improvements, sold up 1938, 349-52
OPENSHAW, paper worker sacked by James III for drinking, 127
PAINE, foreman at Iping paper mill 1801, 20
PAPER INDUSTRY
Appletons made paper at Sickle 1854 to c.1870, 339
discontent in early 1800s, 19
early papermakers and apprentices, Appleton, Stanaway, Howard, Roe, Kingett, Tribe, Tuckey, Chandler, Ede, Puttock, Voller, Oakford, Bowles, Tilbury, Smith, Karn, Slade, Salmon, Croft, Bryant, Nobbs, Withall, 32-33
Fourdrinier paper-making machine, 20, 45
mills at Wells, Wookey, in Spain and Russia investigated by James IV, 81
paper industry in England to 1860, 44-46
papermaker families in Shottermill in 1800s, 166-91
papermaking industry (Simmons 1736-1854) reasons decline, 72-77, 82
Simmons' paper mills leased to John Howard 1801-11, 51
vat-made/hand-made paper-making process, 45, 74
vital to Shottermill's welfare in 1800s, 19
PARKER, Lady, large donation to Nursing Association resources, 356
PARSON, Rev William Henry of Sturt Farm
Baker heir, held much Linchmere land to 1880s, 295
enclosure allotments 1850s - unfair, 87, 271
sold part Springhead Farm to James IV who named it Spring Farm, 296
PARSONAGE for St Stephen's Church. see SAINT STEPHEN'S
PARTRIDGE, Frances, diarist (1901-2004), youth in Shottermill, 276, 289, 290
PAUPERS in Linchmere, 144
PEASANT ARTS MOVEMENT
in Foundry Lane/Kings Road, local members, 292, 372
see also Hammer Vale Pottery, 326
PELMORE. see AVAMORE ENGINEERING CO
PENFOLD
Catherine marr. James Simmons I in 1735, 22, 27
connexion with Courts Hill, 27
Francis, possible connexion with Tanyard or Pitfold Mill 1661, 41
John Wornham Elder
held £2,200 mortgage on Sickle Mill 1854, 85
marr. James III's Sister Mary 1828, 102
John Wornham Younger
architect & surveyor, antiquarian, education, 96, 239-40
designed improvements to St Stephen's in 1876, 227
designed Shottermill Day School 1867, 262
Mary, wife Elder Penfold, suffered from migraine, 122
Thomas bought back Courts Hill from Lucases 1814, 27, 96
Thomas guardian of James Simmons III, 43
Thomas marr. 1787 Ann Simmons, dau. of James I, 27
PERPRESTURE. see PURPRESTURE
PETERLOO, 1819, 19
PETTER, Mary of Blossom & Critchmere Cottages, 188, 305
did not received dole, 165
née Boxall, 168
received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
PEWTRESS, of Iping paper mills
Pewtress/Appleton marriage, 344
worked Simmons mills briefly in 1850, 78, 82
PHILPS
Hannah married William Simmons 1780, 30, 34, 42
Robert, Hannah's brother a knacker, 42
PINCOTT & VOICE, provision merchants 1890s, 307
PITFOLD HOUSE. see MIDDLE PITFOLD FARM
PITFOLD MANOR
allotments in Enclosures 1850s to James Baker, Lord of Manor, 270
broom-maker family encroachers 1826-32, 153
disputed boundary with Farnham Manor settled by decree 1850s, 271
extinguished 1880s after James Baker's bankruptcy, 279
Poyntz sold to Richard Preston Pritchard 1831, 64
Pritchard junior sold to Edward James Baker or son James in early 1840s, 51, 64
Rolls survive for period 1826-32, 62
PITFOLD MANOR HOUSE [Lower Pitfold Farmhouse built 1660s by Shotters], first so-called in 1871 census, was on land of Farnham manor not Pitfold manor, 64
PITFOLD MILL
descent from Barden 1630, Shotters 1640, Simmons 1781-1903 when sold to Goldsmith, 20, 30, 37-38, 348
fish stolen from mill pond 1837, 193
Francis Penfold, possible connexion with 1661, 41
inherited in error by Humphrey Simmons on death of James II, 37
Land Tax on, 38
lead stolen from 1837, 193, 331
leased to Appletons 1835-7 by James III for spinning and weaving, 73
leased to John Howard 1801-11, during James III's minority, 51
leased to Joseph Fourdrinier 1850-1852, failed, 83
leased to Samuel Everitt by James III 1831, 61
now demolished and overbuilt, 348
possibly derelict in 1781, 37-38
Simmons leased/rented to Appletons for spinning and weaving, 331
uses after paper-making from c.1790-1854
leather dressing prob. on small and intermittent basis 1860s/70s, Keen, Sanford, Winter and Masters there, 273, 347
Thomas Gent revived skin dressing on large scale in 1880s, folded c 1900, 347-49
used later after Underwoods by Homewoods for fencing, 348
water supplies to 1852-3, unexplained interference with, 190, 194
POLICE. see LAW AND ORDER
POLITICS, James III's Tory views, elections, Valentine from a 'Radical', 117-18
POLLOCK, Sir Frederick
at Hindhead Copse, High Pitfold 1884, gone by 1904, 276, 285, 287
parish activities, 375
POND COTTAGE
John & Eliz Baker at, mid-1700s, 147
John Tribe bought 1758, 147
Tribe kin in Richmond held it, 148
William Clapshaw builder bought 1882, 148
POOR RELIEF SYSTEMS
Frensham parish, settlement rules application not known, 163
Linchmere parish 1819-40, expenditure, recipients, 142
Simmons bros. James II & Wm. contested Rev Fielding's Overseers of Poor, 42
Speenhamland system 1795, New Poor Act 1834, 19, 142-46, 162
Thursley parish extracts, inc. treatment of poor by William Oliver, apothecary, 163
POPHOLE HAMMER
ceased c.1776, 38
John Butler managed from 1730s, 21
POPHOLE HAMMER LANDS
James III surrendered annuity payable by L'mere manor to Watts Farm holder and received copyhold of 6 acres Hammer lands in exchange 1825, 57
Rev Henry Baker bought from James III 1835, 66
POPULATION
in 18th and 19th centuries, 17
James III's estimate 1839, 206
Linchmere, small increase to 1901, decline number of agric. labourers, 142, 295
Shottermill [both sides Wey] 1700s/1800s, 137-38
Surrey side 1800s, 152-53
decline in 1870s, affected by agric depression, James Bakers financial troubles, enclosures and rail, 269
rapid growth 1880s on, on Surrey side, much building, effect of revived leather industry, 273, 303, 348, 370-71, 377
POST OFFICE
at Blossom Cottage 1867 possibly, 305
Grayshott, Flora Thompson at, 276
Hardings of the Shottermill St Post Office, 305, 327, 328, 360
Hindhead, 278, 327
on Wey Hill, not opened until the early 1900s, 361
Postmasters John Timms, Wm Gill, 1880 Hy. Harding - Postmen Geo. Dunce, John Mills, John White, Levi Howick, 350, 360-61
Shottermill St PO, Hardings catered for visitors, 278
POYNTZ, Stephen [Lord of Manor of Linchmere, JP & MP]
papermaker/Trade Union trouble at Iping Mill 1801, 20
sold Pitfold manor to Pritchard 1831, 64
PRATT BARLOW family held much Linchmere land early 1900s, 295
PREVOST family at Brookbank, 1906 on, 98, 291
PRITCHARD
Pritchard jnr. sold Pitfold Manor to Edward James Baker or his son James early 1840s, 64
Richard Preston, 1831 bought Pitfold manor from Stephen Poyntz, 64
PROSECUTING SOCIETY OF HASLEMERE
Society founded 1796 in Hundred of Godalming, probably incl. Haslemere, 197
subscribed to recovery of poultry stolen from James III at Springhead, 53, 54
PUBLIC HOUSES. see Royal Huts, Lion Inn, Railway (Mill) Tavern, Royal Oak, Staff of Life
PUDNEY Mr, Highway Surveyor and road rate collector had life threatened in 1844 if he did not make things better for poor, 192
PULLEN, James, fruiterer 1890s, 306
PUNCH BOWL INN, not present Devil's Punchbowl Hotel, Hindhead beer shop, 191, 271, 315
PURDUE, Rev G.H
in favour of new Grayshott parish, 377
vicar Shottermill parish, 1884-1904, 227, 262, 304
PURPRESTURE MEADOW
Joseph Cornelius sold 1761 Purpresture meadow to James Simmons I, 26
William Simmons & James III inherited 1777 & 1801, 29, 40
PURSLEY, Samuel
James III buys Samuel's Mere Cottage 1818, 57
Rev Henry Baker buys Pursley's cottage from James III 1835, 66
PUTTICK/PUTTOCK
George bootmaker
gave lecture on effects of alcohol, 376
played bass viol in Church, 307
Henry teacher at Easebourne and Horshill workhouses 1836, 1840, and Hindhead Day School 1871, 261
Joseph and Elias Puttick troublesome paperworkers, 126
Joseph injured, money from Mrs Acton, 86
Joseph, accident at Sickle Mill, fatal accident at Ashling mill, 116, 117
papermaker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 184-85
Thomas, apprenticed at Sickle, poor child of parish, 1793, 33
William had foundry in Lion Lane in 1870s, 309
QUENNELL
Thomas, last Quennell at Hammer Farm, 1730s, 21
RAIKES, Robert, initiator of Sunday School Movement, 252
RAILWAY, 88-92
accidents
Elias Moorey covered with a great weight of earth and bruised all over, 183
Richard Moorey killed instantly by a fall of earth whilst filling trucks in Shottermill Lane, 184
Wm. Chuter's fireplace blown out by hidden blasting powder, 90
Atmospheric Line Epsom to Portsmouth proposed in 1836, Simmons in favour, 89
direct London-Portsmouth line opened Jan. 1859, James III watched first train up, 88, 269
embankment at Shottermill St, 106, 180, 360
employment windfall for locals, 90
James III's travel arrangements [monthly to Nine Elms] during business life, about 5 hours each way, experience not always happy, 89, 177
James IV compensation problem, no access to Lion Field [now Tescos], took Portsmouth Railway Co to arbitration in Kings Bench, awarded road access crossing rail in perpetuity, 91
jobs positions of prestige, 273
line cut Simmons estate in two, affected Great Purpresture and New Mill land, 90
narrow-gauge at Hammer Brickworks, 325
New Mill bought back 1860 freehold for £300 by James IV, 91
New Mill land surveyed, compensation to James IV for damage, 91
provided cheap and easy transport for persons seeking employment, 270, 273
sale of carthorses after railway complete, 105
terminal at Woking 1838, Guildford 1845 and Godalming 1849, 88
RAILWAY TAVERN [now Mill Tavern]
first described as public house 1861, list victuallers to 1901, 311
land of [Stones] sold by Thos. Combe to Stillwells 1766, 146, 308
probably opened in 1850s after closure of Anchor, 149
Stillwells held to 1891 when sold to Castle Brewery, 149, 311
RAMBLERS [by Shottermill Ponds]
example of house in multi-occupation, 142, 146
John Hoad I, wheelwright, bought 1752, 147
sold by heirs of John Hoad II to John Clapshaw 1818, who left to James Harding, 147, 149, 328
RAPLEYS, at Church Farm, Linchmere, 1730s, 21
RAPSON
George, had smithy on land of old Bridger Farm 1875, 302, 308
P, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
tablet in St Stephen's as token of esteem for service to church, 308
RATES
Linchmere, 145, 174
paid by Hussey on Tanyard 1750-6, 41
Pitfold and Churt grouped in records, 163, 165
revaluation 1911, 'mini-Domesday', 167
RATS CASTLE. see also WASHERS
earlier 'Vine Cottage' turnpike toll house, Camelsdale Rd, 30, 35, 72, 148, 186
fishponds, part Surrey Trout Farm, built there, 262, 354
RECREATION
Camelsdale Rec. Ground land, sold 1935 by John Eggar Cooper to Haslemere UDC, 369
Haslemere Recreation Ground used for pony gymkhanas, bicycle gymkhanas, cricket matches, etc, 373
Haslemere UDC bought part Spring Farm 1935 as Camelsdale Rec, 296
Lion Green decreed Public Recreation Ground 1850s, unsatisfactory, 271
part Lower Lion bought pub. subscription as New Rec Ground, opened 1910, now Tescos, 92, 356
shooting, James III gave it up as 'sinful waste of time' 1835, 109
REDHERNE FARM [near Churt], James IV bought farm 1858, sold 1866, 104, 105, 193, 300, 365
REEVES, Thomas, Simmons tenant at Shotter Mill 1814-17, 67
REPTON PUBLIC SCHOOL, attended by James III's step grandchildren, Richard and Henry Small, 124, 242
RETAIL SERVICES, development of in Shottermill from 1880s/90s, 305-10
ROADS
bridge over stream by Shotter Mill, 106
Portsmouth Road major road to Portsmouth for centuries, accidents, 317
Portsmouth Road, carters avoided at dusk, 198
present alignment of A3 at Hindhead established 1826, 357
repair of old Turnpike Road (now Camelsdale Road) 1846, 145
slow improvements of local roads, complaints, 357-58
state of roads Parish Council's main concern, 357
turnpikes, 18, 142, 145, 148, 155, 178, 188, 198, 308, 366
ROBERTS, Charles Gay, held Sturt Farm, 228, 302
ROE
family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 185-86
family members on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
Jonathan encroachment at Hammer Bottom 1830s, 139
some took up building work, 324
William, probably Simmons paperman involved in Haslemere riot 1750, 32, 195
William, sold cott on Lion Green c.1809 to Richard Moorey, 182
ROGERS, Harry
manager Working Men's Club, 355
premises at Sickle Mill for mfr. Roberts' rain water separator, 344
sang in choir for 50 years, 229
ROSE COTTAGE opposite Shotter Mill. see TANYARD COTTAGES
ROYAL HUTS at Hindhead
first class hotel by late 1800s, 278, 315, 317
isolated in early/mid 1800s, 313
now a housing development, 178
origins of name, 177
photograph, 317
rail coach to train terminal caught from, 90, 177
rebuilt after fire c.1820s, 313
victuallers James Lawrence 1841, John Ellistone in 1861, Ben Chandler landlord over turn of century developed Huts as tourist centre, 177, 313, 316
ROYAL NAVAL SCHOOL, at Richmond and then Haslemere, 249
ROYAL OAK
licensees Richard Moorey in 1839, then Whites, and Freestones to 1960s, 182, 311, 317
sold to Friary Brewery 1891, 311
Sunday visit by James III, 101, 190
RUSHBROOKE, William Henry, purchased many enclosure allotments as investment, 88, 271
RUSSELL
family at Hindhead late 1800s, at Thorshill, The Moorings, Rozeldene, etc. Early purchasers of James Baker's lands, 276, 282, 315
parish activities, 375
SADLER
at Buffbeards Farm 1730s, 20
sold Buffbeards to Pitfold Shotters 1744, 40
SAINT MARY'S ABBEY, see FRENSHAM HALL, 285
SAINT STEPHEN'S church Shottermill, 202-22
building
bell hung 15th May 1847, 214
building finished November 1841, March 1842 official opening, list attending, 209
built by Jas Teasdale, Haslemere builder and James Harding, Lion Green carpenter and timber dealer, 210
churchyard enlarged, 227
consecrated 24 March 1846, 213, 214
design and architecture and later improvements, 209
foundation stone laid 5th July 1841, 209
objection to building on east side of church by James Baker, ignored instructions to pull down, eventually sold to church 1875, 222
pews, renting, 210, 221
plans to establish a new church in Shottermill, 202
tablet commemorating contribution by James Simmons III and wife, 202
timber given by Crawford Davison of Frensham & James Harding, 209, 210
turret clock given 1897 by Charles Bridger, 227
called 'broom-makers' church, 228
case for a local church in Pitfold by James III, 206
clergy
area poor, v. small stipend, difficulties, 210
Rev Bachelor not approved of by Frensham or Haslemere incumbents, 211
Rev Badham accepted incumbency 1846 of St Stephen's with full approval of James III, 214-17
Rev Badham had to correct Puseyite views on baptism expounded by stand-in, parish row over unacceptable dogma, 215
Rev Badham left 1848, stipend insufficient, possible replacements, 216
Rev Candy at Haslemere but unbeneficed, a candidate, 218
Rev Candy died 1884, later incumbents see Frend, Purdue, Towner & Tudor, 227
Rev Candy incumbent, formal read-in service December 1850, 219
Rev Candy, James III's opinion of and of 'appalling sinfulness' of Shottermill, 218
Revs Bachelor, Kebbel and Candy from Frensham and Haslemere officiated, 210
ecclesiastical district of Shottermill (of Frensham parish) originally comprised half of Frensham parish. Map redrawn to allow for eccles. district of Churt, 223
funding
crucial requirement local funding, contributors including Edward Jas Baker, 204
endowment money found (sources not clear), 212
Order in Council 1865 directed tithes of Shottermill ecclesiastical district to proper use of incumbents, 223
incumbent, Rev Stephens, Frensham Parish
church named St Stephen's after him, 209
closed St Stephen's in 1843 as no minister, 212
wrote 2 pamphlets (1848 and 1851) fulminating against Bishop of Winchester for having virtually deprived him of his benefice, 224
marriages accidentally omitted from St Stephen's' licence so that Catherine Simmons had to marry at Frensham church, 215
parsonage
building of parsonage, funding, site, objections of young James Baker, Critchmere and Cherrimans suggested but unsuitable, 216
parsonage House built May 1851, in Lion Field on Baker's Lane End Farm, 218
photograph, 226
religion in a rural community in 1800s, 222
Shotter Mill used first time to describe location of St Stephen's - Sumner (Bishop Winchester) 1840 introduced Farnham Rectories Bill to divide up Farnham & Frensham Parishes, Bill lost in House of Commons, 209
site of church
Bishop Sumner and James III looked round Pitfold for church land 1841, favoured site near Junction Place, 208
Edward James Baker unwilling to give site, 208
SAINT, Thomas father and son, flock/worsted manufacturers at Sickle 1861, 339
SALMON
early papermaker name, 33
Isaac, papermaking apprentice given notice, 126
Robert and wife lived opposite church, 1841, 116
Robert Salmon (prob. not papermaker) & Christopher Lee started Haslemere Congregational Sunday School 1792, 188, 229, 252
Robert, long term Simmons paperman, 125, 188
SANFORD, Thomas, frizzer from Exeter at Pitfold Mill c.1871, 347
SAYERS, Thomas, butcher in Haslemere
bought Springhead & Washers from Maidmans 1781, 35
sold Anchor House 1782 to Thos Chandler victualler, 148
SCHOOLS. see Education, Sunday Schools and Newman-Simmons School
SELWYN
Bishop John (formerly of Melanesia) at Weysprings, 228, 286
C & A.P, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
Dr E.C. (formerly Head of Uppingham) at Undershaw, 286
SERRES, Rev, Perp. Curate of Easeborne, wife's death in childbed left him with ten children to cope with, lost mind, 120
SHAW
Captain Frank, writer, at Manor Lea, 292
George Bernard, at Hindhead late 1800s, 276, 300, 375
SHEEP
boy paid for guarding, 144
end of grazing in Pitfold and on Commons, 322
Fenn description of sheep washing in mill stream, 323
Luff had four maliciously killed in the night, 192
Robert Bennett ran 200 on Lane End and Stoatley 1700s, 105
sheep-stealing gangs, 166, 195-96
SHOPS. see RETAIL SERVICES
SHOTTER
James, miller/labourer at Shotter Mill, at Corner Cottage early 1800s, 67, 148
John Shotters at Bridge 1730s, 21
Roger Shotter V of Pitfold
auction of Land 1781, 30, 31
bought Buffbeards from Sadlers 1744, 40
bought High Pitfold Farm sometime between 1727 and 1772, 40
bought Lane End from Combes 1770, 40
sold High Pitfold Farm probably in 1781 to Baker of Stilland, 30, 62
sold Watts, Lower Pitfold Farm, Pitfold Mill and Lane End & Buffbeards to James Simmons II, 30, 37-40
Roger Shotters of Pitfold at Pitfold Mill, Lower Pitfold Farm & Watts 1730s, 21
SHOTTER CORN MILL
Dunce family, Oliver family employees, 350
Edward Briday left mill 1689 to Gregory Hoad, 147
Fielders held 1730s, 21
fire destroyed mill 1844, 69
Frederick Hale miller at 1858-65, before Olivers resumed, 70
James Shotter, miller/labourer at Shotter Mill, at Corner Cottage early 1800s, 67, 148
Land Tax, 37
leased from Fielders by Wm. Simmons c1780, 29
leat to, 350
mill owned by Simmons c.1805-1832, when sold to Olivers, 33, 55, 61, 67
Oliver family at Shotter Mill 1819-22, Simmons' tenants, then owned 1830s on, 67-72
Oliver family owned 'Olivers' in Haslemere High St. & windmill at Grayswood, 349
Oliver family, George, William and Harry at Mill, 67, 349-52
Oliver, Harry, sold 1938, mill now residential, 351, 378
photograph early 1900s, 71
photograph in 1938, 349
photograph in 1994, 378
ponds bought by Haslemere Preservation Soc. & passed to National Trust, 351
Simmons' early tenants, 67
water supply problems, William O. installed water turbine in 1880s, dispute with Appletons at Sickle, 71, 344, 350
SHOTTERMILL HALL. see FORSTER, Miss Elizabeth
SHOTTERMILL PARISH. see also SAINT STEPHEN'S and LION GREEN
Eccles. District Frensham parish 1846, Eccles. parish 1876, Civil parish 1896, Lost part to Hindhead parish, became part of Haslemere UDC 1933, 227, 355-61
SHOTTERMILL PONDS
community relatively prosperous, 146-49, 295
Hoads at cottages around 1730s, 21
house-building up Ridge and Marley after James IV 1903 land sale, 298
much property 1800s in hands of Clapshaws, then Hardings, builders, 298
photograph, 146
SHOTTERMILL timeline, 12
SICKLE MILL
corn milling and paper to 1780s, corn milling poss. transferred to Shotter Mill, paper made to 1854 by Simmons, 32
early records and apprentices/ workers at, 32
first shown on Rocque's map 1768, 38
Hoad daughters held corn mill 1730s, 21, 24
James I bought 1736 from Hoad daughters, as corn mill, added paper mill, 22, 24, 29
mill failed 1854, sold, 85
monetary value of, insurance late 1700s, 29, 32
papermaking machine installed 1840, 74
photograph from mill pond, 345
Simmons descent 1736-1854 from James I-IV, 27, 28, 43, 56, 79, 83
Simmons leased/rented to
John Howard 1801-11 during James III's minority, 40, 51
John Lill Lightfoot 1849-50, failed, 82
Joseph Fourdrinier 1850-52, failed, 83
Mr Pewtress of Iping worked paper mills 1850, 59, 83
Simmons mortgages/financial troubles, 56, 66, 85
Simmons sale land 1830s to refurbish mills, 61
Simmons sale of Sickle Mill and House 1854 to Appletons, 85
Thomas and William Appleton bought Sickle Mill & House 1854 rented New Mill, made military braid, 1911 failed auction attempt, 1920 sold to Pelmore of Avamore Engng Co.who leased 1925 then sold to Haslemere UDC 1930, 85, 331-44
Trade Union discontent at 1801, 19
uses late 1800s/1900s
poss. Gent's leather dressing business, other small businesses, increasingly derelict, 1997 converted to residences, pond now covered by Industrial estate and Herons Sports Centre, 343, 345, 378
water supply, dispute between William Oliver of Shotter Mill & Appletons, 344
workforce braid factory 1871-1901, list of 65 names of local girl employees, including members of families of Moorey, White, Windebank, Davis, Kingshott, Booker, Roe, Hall, Nettle, Deadman, Park, Green, Pook, Hillyer, Baker, Edwards, Voller, Saunders, Etherington, Madgwick, Foster, Ward, Joning, Toghill, Smith and Sheldrake, 340-43
SICKLE MILL HOUSE
altered to accommodate clergy at consecration church, 1846, 214
fire at 1989, Simmons alterations structurally dangerous, 105
Howards lived at Sickle Mill House 1801-1810, Simmons family left, 53
Simmons sold 1854, Appletons lived there, 85
SILK, William, Shottermill builder, 326
SILLICK, W.A., Herald reporter
comments on broom-makers' lives & dwellings, 158, 161, 166, 321
cuttings books in Haslemere Museum, 321
description of Surrey Trout Farm, 353
estimate of broom-makers' production, 320, 321
invited to laying of St Paul's, Camelsdale foundation stone, 298
kept records for 50 years on people of Shottermill and Haslemere, 226, 370
SIMMONS family, arrived Shottermill 1730s, origins, pedigree, 17, 21-23, 27
SIMMONS, Ann, [1744-1810] dau. James I
married Thomas Penfold 1787, 27
SIMMONS, Ann, [1788-1860] sister James III, married Thomas Newman, 55
SIMMONS, Ann, [1817-1884] dau. James III
appreciation of father, 50
character, remained single, 99
governess 1840-47, 59, 251
replaced Kate Newman at Newman-Simmons' School 1848, 246
SIMMONS, Catherine [1785-1863] James III's sister Kate, married Anthony Newman, 55
SIMMONS, Catherine, dau James III [1814-1892]. see also COOPER
married at Frensham, St Stephen's accidentally not licensed, 215
married William Cooper 1847, 61, 98
SIMMONS, Charlotte [1778-1860] wife of James III
active in setting up Sunday schools at Waggoners Wells/Hindhead 1840, 155, 253
death of, 120
SIMMONS, Charlotte [1810-1881] dau James III
father's financial embarrassments forced her to earn own living, 59
married John Small draper of Petersfield 1856, their children, 97
ran Girls Private School at Petersfield and Chichester, with Kate Newman, 59, 232
Small bought Brookbank 1860, 97
took up sea bathing to recruit health, 123
SIMMONS, Elizabeth [1745-1823] dau James I, married Richard Stedman 1766, 27
SIMMONS, Elizabeth [1786-1852] sister of James III, illness and death, 120
SIMMONS, Hannah [d. 1842] wife of William, mother James III
death and funeral 1842, 100, 118, 211
moved to Haslemere 1801, 53
SIMMONS, Humphrey [1742-1817] son of James I
inherited £600 on father's death 1777, 29
inherited brother James II's Farnham manor properties in error, 41
set up Stationer's Business in High Holborn 1779, 29
SIMMONS, James I [1701-1777]
beginnings of Simmons landed estate, 24
bought a Montague Midhurst property in 1754, 25
bought Cherrimans & Tanyard Cotts from Thos Cherriman 1767, 26
bought Purpresture meadow from Joseph Cornelius 1761, 26
bought Sickle Corn Mill 1736, with mortgage, 22, 24, 27
bought Sturt from John Combes 1752, with mortgage, 24
bought Sturtmore and Deanes from Uptons 1760, 25
bought the 'Thursley piece', 26
connexion with Chilworth Paper Mill, 36
Haslemere property, 27
held parcel of land of Didlesfold Manor near Sussex Bell, 26
High Constable Farnham Hundred 1767, and Churt Tythingman, 28
married Catherine Penfold 1735, 22, 27
Will and disposition of estate on death in 1777, 27
SIMMONS, James II [1738-1790] son of James I
contested 1785, with brother William, Rev. James Fielding's Overseers of Poor, 42
Deanes Farm bought for him by father, James I, 1760, 25
death of and will 1790, 30, 41
died unmarried, left all property to brother William, 30, 41
failed to register land with Farnham manor, properties inherited in error by Humphrey Simmons, 41
inherited Sickle Mill, land parcels around, stock at Sickle Mill, & Sturt on death of father James I in 1777, 29
purchased Watts, Lower Pitfold Farm, Pitfold Mill and Lane End & Buffbeards from Roger Shotter V at 1781 Auction, 30, 38
Watts payment in perpetuity from LoM L'mere to owner of Watts, to James II, 38
SIMMONS, James III [1783-1868] The Diarist and wife Charlotte
apprenticeship probably at Sickle under John Howard, 53
attitudes towards
cricket on Sabbath, 112, 257
crime, lawlessness and local police, 192-98
dancing, 111
family and extended family, 95
food, cyder and (beer swilling on Sabbath) at Royal Oak, 100, 190
for Queen, Country and Tories, British rule over lesser breeds, 112
Great Exhibition, museums, galleries etc, 110
literature, 99
mother, Hannah, 42, 100
natural phenomena, 112
overseas countries, cultures, 110-11
parish affairs and offices, 114
Penfold family, 96
politics, 117-18
servants, 102
sport - 'hunting the rabbit', hare, snipe, deer, James III gave up, sinful, 109
Sunday observance, 100
women, 127-28
workmen/apprentices, 125-28
charity work, Clothing Club, Benefit Club [Oddfellows], 109, 122, 125
education at Midhurst Grammar, 51
farming, on land after 1832 sale, markets, potato blight, 105
financial/business difficulties
end Napoleonic War, depreciation of land value and paper stock, 56-61
estate inherited from father encumbered by obligations to mother/sisters, 55, 58
financial troubles 1830s on, effects on children who had to earn own livings, 59
in poor financial state still 1838, 74
living hand to mouth 1840s, 76
mortgaged Sickle Mill & Sturt Farm for £2,200 at 5% from Caleb Withall 1815, redeemed 1835, 56, 66
mortgaged Tanyard Meadows 1829, 56
mortgaged Watts and Springhead Farms for £1,000 at 5% from Edmund Greenfield in 1805, redeemed 1835, 55, 66
no contact with stationery business of Humphrey Simmons' sons, 78
summary by Prof. A. Crocker of causes of business difficulties 1830s on, 73
health
James III death 1868, 121
James III suffered hernia, 121
paper mills and property
exchanged annuity due to Watts Farm for copyhold of Hammer lands, 1825, 57
inherited as minor all father William's real estate 1801, inc. farms & mills, 26, 30, 43, 49
largest Shottermill landholder and employer 1801, 50
leased Pitfold Mill 1835-7 to Appletons, New Mill 1819-24 to White & Smith, 72
left Sickle Mill House 1801, 53
meeting of Master Paper Makers, chaired 1813, 58
mills leased to John Howard 1801-10 during minority, 40, 51
papermaking process & workforce 1836, 74
property, all except Sickle Mill & House up for auction 1832 to raise money to refurbish paper mills, only sold Cherrimans and Shotter Mill, 61
purchased second-hand papermaking machine in 1840, decline of vat/hand-made paper, troubles with machine, 74, 77
Pursley's cottage bought by James, 57
retired to Field End 1847, handed failing paper business to son James IV, 79, 107
Shotter Mill bought from Fielders c.1805/7, 34, 55
sold Cherrimans to Dr Gordon of Haslemere in 1832, 72
sold Edward James Baker Lower Pitfold Farm and Lane End & Buffbeards 1836 for £4,200, 63
sold Rev Henry Baker Springhead and Washers, Sturt and Sturtmore, Deanes, Watts, Pursley's Cottage and the Hammer lands 1835 for c.£4,700, 65
sold Shotter Mill to Olivers in 1832, 69
water agreement with Rev Henry Baker for shared use water to Sturt mdw/mill, 57
personal life
Charlotte Newman of Cocking, marr. 1805, 55-56
diarist 1831-68, 49
entertainment provided by mills, esp. when demudding ponds, fish harvest, 103-4
influence of Mrs Acton, 86
James III and Charlotte at Springhead Farm after marriage, taxed for Haslemere house, probably error for Sickle Mill, 55-56
retirement days, 128
shopping, attendance at house sales, 108
Sickle Mill House, Field End, Cherrimans, alterations and improvements, 105-8
widowed 1860, 120
photograph of James III, 50
picture of Charlotte, 120
rail travel arrangements/experiences to Town, not always happy, 88, 100, 177
religion. see chapter on CHURCHES
contribution with Charlotte to establishing of St Stephen's church, tablet in church, 202
James III's personal religious beliefs, 222
set up Shottermill Sunday Schools 1825-66, 252-58
SIMMONS, James IV [1815-1903] son of James III
appreciation of father, 50
Cherrimans
James IV bought back 1854 from Emma Gordon, 72, 108
James IV took out 14 year lease from Gordon in 1848, 72, 82, 108
moved to Cherrimans, lived there until 1903, improvements, 82, 108
farming
barn at Redherne farm near Churt, burned down 1858, 193
bought Redherne farm near Churt, 1858, and repurchased part of Springhead 1882, from Rev Wm. Hy Parson, 104
in Census 1861 farmed 200 acres, 104
set up Sicklemill cow range near mill, 91, 270
sold Redherne Farm 1866, rinderpest at, 105
health, suffered from boils, 122
paper mills/property/financial troubles
allotments from enclosures, shared Critchmere Common with James Baker, 88, 271
financial problems in difficult 1840s-50s, 81
first interest in father's business 1839, took over 1847, 51, 75, 81
investigated 1845 openings at mills at Wells and Wookey, Spain and Russia, 82
James IV at Hedsor working for Lunnons/Spicers whilst own mills leased, 83
leased Sickle Mill to John Lill Lightfoot 1849-50, failed, 82
leased Sickle, New & Pitfold mills to Joseph Fourdrinier 1850-1852, failed, 83
Portsmouth Rail Co. taken to court over access to Lion Field (now Tescos), 91
Portsmouth Rail Co., compensation for damage to estate, partic. New Mill, 91
repurchased New Mill 1860, 91
retained New and Pitfold Mill till death 1903, 365
returned to Sickle for final effort, put in steam engine, fuel & wages costs rising, rags difficult to obtain, 83
Sickle and New Mills put up for auction in London 1854, not sold, 85
Sickle Mill and House sold to Appletons 1854 for £4,450, 85
Simmons/Shottermill paper industry connexion ended 1854, 85
Surrey Trout Farm, 353
personal
education of at Guildford Grammar School, 234-37
hunting man, 363
letter from Prof. John Tyndall, 316
marr. 1845 Ann Lunnon dau of Thomas Lunnon papermaker of Wooburn, 81
Mrs Acton left money to James IV and wife Ann, 86
review of Life, local and public offices, involvements, lands, partic. interest in poor, roads, death in 1903, will, sale of land, contribution to local social scene, 363-69
Shottermill Day School at Junction Place, bought land for extension of, 262
Shottermill described as 'isolated and primitive community' in late 1800s, 269
Will of 1902 refers to Camels Dale property at Rats Castle fish ponds, 354
Working Men's Club, offered Land Junction Place for, 283, 355
photograph, 82
SIMMONS, Joyce [1749-1822] dau of James I, moved to Haslemere c.1800, 53
SIMMONS, Mary [1790-1872] sister James III, marr. John Wornham Penfold Elder 1828, 96
SIMMONS, William [1748-1801] son of James I, father of James III, Diarist
bought part Washers for building of New Mill 1781, 29
bought Springhead & rest of Washers 1788, 30
built New Mill on Washers land in 1790s, 34
contested 1785, with bro. James II, Rev James Fielding's Overseers of Poor, 42
death of 1801, Will, arrangements for inheritance by only son James III, 42, 49
held Didlesfold land, 26
inherited all brother James II's real estate in 1790, 30, 41
inherited Cherrimans, Tanyard Cotts, Sturtmore & Purpresture mdw on death of father James I in 1777, 29
inherited father's stock at Chilworth, 29
leased Shotter Mill from Fielders c.1780, 29
married Hannah Philps 1780, 30, 42
SIMMONS, William [1820-1896] son James III, Deaf and Dumb
accountant in 1881 census, 59
educated at Deaf & Dumb Asylum, Old Kent Road, 237-39
father's financial embarrassments forced him to earn own living in London, 59
in London to 1866, had work from Coopers and John Wornham Penfold the Younger, inherited half share of Field End, married widow Susannah Carter, 129
Mrs Acton gave money for aged deaf and dumb, 86
photograph, 129
SLADE, early papermaker name, 33
SLAVERY, son of slave, Judy Tyndal bap. Haslemere 1817, 111
SMALL
Caroline collector in Shottermill for C.M.S., 376
Education of Henry & Richard Small (James III's step grandchildren) at Repton and Cambridge, 242
Henry at Repton, outbreak scarlet fever, sent home, 124
John bought Brookbank 1860, 97
John, draper of Petersfield marr. Charlotte Simmons 1856, their children, 97
Richard Small, Archdeacon, 376
SMITH
early papermaker name, 33
Frederick, photographer 1890s, 306
George, artist
at Heatherbank, later Weysprings, 286
later tenant of Brookbank, 98, 286
Haslemere doctor, 117, 121
Kate, monitress/teacher at Shottermill Day School, 259
Mary of Brookbank
received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
sold to John Small 1860, 97
papermaker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 186-87
Richard rented New Mill 1823-4 from James III, 73
Sarah of Lees Cott. received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
SMITH'S CHARITY
bequeathed by Alderman 'Dog' Smith of London in 1650 to Surrey parishes, 164
receivers of, 164-65
SMITHIES
at Anchor House by the Ponds, history unknown, 308
foundry run by Putticks in Lion Lane 1870s, 309
Lion Green, Rapson (smith, also verger and sexton) at from 1875, 302, 308
near Shotter Mill
John Tribe blacksmith, 124
Stillwells blacksmiths, also William Bookers and James Hayes, by 1938 owned by Olivers of Shotter Mill, 297, 308
SNELLING
broom-makers in Punchbowl late 1800s, 272
Jemima, 1881 in the Punchbowl at age 68 employing three men, 163
L, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
Thomas labourer at Rats Castle Fish Ponds 1901, 354
Thomas occupier of Buffbeards 1841, 152, 302
Thomas publican at Staff of Life, 311
SPRINGHEAD FARM [by 1740 Springhead incorporated part Washers]
Alice Maud Fenn at, 1880s, 129, 322
Great Barn built c.1812, 53
James III and wife Charlotte lived at when Howards at Sickle Mill House, 53
James III mortgages, 1805, redeems 1835, 55, 66
Maidmans & Thos Sayers, William Simmons bought from 1788, 30, 35
Maidmans at 1730s, 21
occupied by Burts, 129, 296
occupied by Thos Madgwick 1805, 53
poultry stolen from James III at Springhead, 53, 54
purchased by Rev Henry Baker 1835 from James III, 66
Spring Farm (part) sold 1935 to Haslemere UDC as Rec. Ground by J.E. Cooper, 296
Spring Farm, part Springhead bought back by James IV 1882, from Wm. Hy. Parson, 104, 295, 296
STACEY
at Deanes Farm mid 1800s, 296
James stole 6 bavins (bundles wood) from Bates of Sussex Bell, 196
William, stole broom-making tool from James Voller, 195
STAFF OF LIFE
first reference in 1850s, 149
Friary Brewery held by 1904, 311
photograph, 311
publicans Feast, Hampton, Snelling, Garlands and Stagg, 311
survived turn of century building development, 303
William White bought from William Marden 1804, sold to Stephen Forey 1835, 189
STAGG, Edgar, publican at Staff of Life, 311
STALLWORTHY. see Hammer Vale Pottery
STANAWAY
William, paper maker, buried Haslemere 1741, 32
STANDAGE, Henry, ran small brickworks near New Mill late 1800s, 325, 353
STEDMAN
John, Rev (James III's cousin) Head Guildford Grammar, 122, 234-35
Richard S. marr. Eliz Simmons, dau. James I 1766, 28
Sir Algernon Methuen, né Stedman, at Honeyhanger, then New Place, Farnham Lane, donated books to Working Men's Club, 285, 288, 356, 375
William, Haslemere doctor, 121
STEELE, William, Simmons tenant at Shotter Mill 1814-17, 67
STEER
Christopher, French polisher c.1900, 307
STEERE
A, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
STEPHENCROFT, first parsonage, now gone, 220, 221, 304
STEPHENS, Rev Richard
perpetual curate of Frensham parish 1838, 203
St Stephen's church named after him at own request, 209
wrote pamphlets accusing Bishop of Winchester of depriving him of his benefice, (1848 and 1851) on creation of ecclesiastical district of Shottermill, 204, 208, 212, 224
STILLWELL
smithy near Shotter Mill long association with blacksmith Stillwells of Stones, 144, 308
Stillwells at Deanes Farm late 1800s, 296
Stillwells held Stones/Railway Tavern to 1891, 21, 146, 149, 308, 311
Thomas Combe sold Stones to Wm. Stillwell 1766, 146
William of Deanes Farm emigrated to Australia 1878, 296
William of Mill Tavern (Stones), coal merchant, 149, 310
William of Stones bought Anchor House 1848, 149
STOKES, Mrs, ran Glee Club and musical events late 1800s, 376
STONES. see RAILWAY TAVERN
STORR, Rayner, medieval scholar, at White House (now Georgian House) 1875, later at Hindhead, 275, 276
STURT FARM
Combe family at 1730s, 20
description farm buildings 1832, 302
James I bought from John Combes 1752 with mortgage, 24
James II inherited [with mortgage] 1777, 29
James III and Rev Henry Baker agreement for use of water for Sturt meadow and Sickle Mill, 57
James III mortgaged in 1815, redeemed 1835, 56, 66
James III's tenant 1805 Caleb Withall, 53
Rev Henry Baker bought 1835, 57, 65
Rev Wm. Hy. Parson, Baker heir, allotment for Sturt, 87, 88, 271
sold to Charles Gay Roberts of Hampstead 1867, obit. 1899, 302
tenanted by Burts, George Heather and Thomas Newman 1800s, 302
working farm 1950, 302
STURTMORE [Fernhurst parish freehold]
built on in late 1800s, known as Camelsdale, 298
James I bought from Uptons 1760, passed to William 1777 & James III, 21, 25, 29
purchased from James III by Rev Henry Baker 1835, 65
SUMNER. see WINCHESTER, Bishops of
SUNDAY SCHOOLS, 252-58
at Haslemere 1792 (Congregational) founded Robert Salmon & Christopher Lee, 229
at Hindhead, established by Mrs Simmons 1840, 253
in Shottermill and Hindhead, Simmons family members established and taught at, 232
in Shottermill in 1825, James III assoc. with to 1866, 208, 252
MacDonalds of Woolmer Lodge, supporters, gave gifts, 258
movement initiated by Robert Raikes 1780, 252
Mrs Charlotte Simmons established at widow Doe's cottage, Waggoners Wells, 155, 177
Olivers of Shotter Mill teachers, 255
report of House Commons Select Committee on Education of Poor 1818, 251, 252
treats, attendances, middle class volunteer teachers and supporters, anyone suitable roped in, lessons, procedure, no discipline or parental control, 252-58
SURREY TROUT FARM
carried out on part Critchmere Common, now Deepdene, 88, 353, 365, 368
constructed Deepdene c.1880, run by T. Andrews, 353
Mulberry Harbours tested in Rats Castle Fishponds 1940s, 354
fishery at Vine Cottage/Rats Castle operated turn of century, built by Frank Mitchell; Thomas Snelling lab. fish culture Vine Cottage 1901, 262, 353
Sillick Description of, 353
sold 1903 at Simmons Auction to Nash-Wortham of Guildford, 353, 368
SUSSEX BELL
James Simmons I & III held land near, Didlesfold manor, no further record, 26
SUTHERLAND, Thomas, MP, chairman P&O Line, buyer of James Baker's land, 282
SWING RIOTS, November 1830
at Headley and Liphook, 125
at paper mills in Buckinghamshire, 125
SWINTON, Anthony Canning, gent of Upper Norwood, buyer of James Baker's lands, 282
TANNING/TANNERS/TANYARDS
tanyard at Meadrow, Godalming, 41
Thomas Combes a tanner in 1795, 41
TANYARD COTTAGES & TANYARD at Shottermill [Rose Cottage]
James Simmons I bought from Thos Cherriman 1767, passed to James III, 21, 26, 29
Land Tax on, 40
leased to John Howard 1801-11 during James III's minority, 40, 53
part Shottermill leather industry late 1800s, 347-49
possible connexion with Francis Penfold 1661, 41
rates paid by Israel Hussey 1750-56, 41
Rose Cottage left to John Eggar Cooper, 369
small tanyard, 38
survived new building over turn of century, 303
Tanyard Meadow mortgaged by James III 1829, 56
Tanyard Meadow purchased by James Goldsmith 1903, 368
TAX, Land Tax
introduced 1692, description, 37
on [Pophole] Hammer Lands, 66
on a new mill on Surrey side [Pitfold Mill], 37, 40
on New Mill and Shotter Mill, 37
on Shotter Mill 1827 describes as corn mill, 67
on Tanyard, 40
TEASDALE, James, builder of Haslemere, built St Stephen's, 210
TENNYSON, Lord Alfred
at Aldworth 1869, encouraged by Anne Gilchrist, 275, 276, 279, 363
subscriber to St Stephen's building fund, 227
THURSLEY PARISH
Crown & Cushion in 1861 census, 274
Poor Law records, 163
THURSLEY PIECE, James I bought half-acre of land where the two streams supplying Sickle Mill pond converged, part of Thursley Lion Common, 26
TILBURY
Caroline, possibly teacher at Shottermill Day School, 259
early papermaker name, 33
John, Simmons apprentice 1789, 32
papermaker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 187
Thomas, Simmons apprentice 1800, 33
Thomas, Simmons tenant at Shotter Mill 1810-13, 67
TIMMS
George, apprentice, lost arm in Sickle machinery, later founded coal business, 116, 310
John enclosure allotment 1850s for Shottermill St house, 271
John had grocer's in Shottermill St, 1851, 108, 165, 305
John postmaster, 360
TOPHAM, creditor of James Baker, 282
TOUZEL, Rev Helier, perpetual curate Frensham parish 1837, 203
TOWN HOUSE, Whympers at 1859, 274
TOWNER, Rev L.B., vicar of Shottermill parish 1933-50, 228
TRADES UNIONS
activity at Iping Mill and possibly Sickle 1801, 20
illegal until 1823, 19, 20
TRIBE
John, at Pond Cottage 1758, built Corner Cottage 1762, 32, 147, 148
John, blacksmith at Shotter Mill smithy, sons died from typhoid 1800s, 124
John, Simmons apprentice 1780, 32
TRIMMER, Charles, of Ansteadbrook
crony of James III, 112
family tree in Haslemere Museum, 130
had leeches applied for inflammation of the eye, 122
took consumptive servant for airings 1844, 122
TROTTER, Dr W.R. (author of The Hill Top Writers)
a transcriber of James III's Diaries, 120
described the colony of famous writers which came to live at Hindhead, 124, 276, 278
wrote paper on religious beliefs of James III and his contemporaries, 225
wrote the chapters on Education and St Stephen's Church, 61
TUCKEY
John, Simmons apprentice 1782, 32
TUDOR, Rev H.A., vicar of Shottermill parish 1904-9, 228
TURNER, Robert, manager Cassells Publishing Co. at Craigrowan late 1800s, 288
TYNDALL, Prof John
at Hindhead House 1883, 275, 315, 322
bought Longdown Cottages from John Chuter, 283, 313
buyer of James Baker's land, 283
death from incorrect dose medicine, 323
his diary, 168
his screens round Hindhead House, 191, 315
letter to James Simmons IV with opinion on developers at Hindhead, 316
troubles with neighbours at Brackenhurst, 316
widow Tyndall, Frances Partridge description, 323
UNDERSHAW [at Hindhead crossroads]
built for Conan Doyle 1896, 276
Dr E.C. Selwyn lived at, 286
UNDERWOOD, James
at Pitfold Mill early 1900s, 348
bought Frensham Hall Farm before 1887, sold to the Hon. Charles Ellis, 299
UPFOLD, Harry, police constable at Buffbeards 1901, 302
UPTON
at Sturtmore and Deanes Farms 1730s, 21
James Simmons I bought Sturtmore and Deanes from in 1760, 25
William marr. Sarah Hoad of Sickle Mill, 24, 25
VALEWOOD, James Henry Mangles at 1859, 275
VICTORIA, Queen
celebrations locally, 1887 & 1897 Jubilees, massive bonfires at Hindhead, 114
coronation noted by James III, 112
VINE COTTAGE. see RATS CASTLE
VOICE
John, cab business
c.1900 in Shottermill, 310
trouble with horse and swarm of bees, 377
Pincott & Voice, provision merchants 1890s, 307
VOLLER/WALLER
J, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
John broom-maker, tools stolen 1850, 195
John of Hindhead, broom-maker, burned down 1850, 192
papermaker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 187-88
William Waller, parish clerk at St Stephen's 1842-59, 188
William, Simmons apprentice 1800, 33
WAGES
beer not included, 101
broom-maker, 12s a week was a good wage before 1914, 321
labourer c.1914, 14s/week, in Linchmere/Haslemere 1850s 8-10s/wk, 110, 142-44, 324
WALKER, dissenting family, 163
WALLACE, Rev John
at Weysprings, previously Warden Magdalene Hosp. Streatham, 286
edited parish mag from 1894, 374
family incl. daughters very active socially, 229, 376
set up small private nursing scheme with daughter, later Nursing Assoc., 356
WALLER. see also VOLLER
WALLER, William, victualler at Red Lion 1871, 312
WALLIS, John, weaver, supplied mortgage to Bakers of Pond Cottage 1730, 147
WALTERS, Sir Tudor, Paymaster General, at Hilders from 1918, 288
WARD, John and Jesse estate agents, bought parts James Baker's land, 283, 291
WASHERS
Maidmans at 1730s, [Maidmans had incorporated into Springhead], 21
William Simmons bought part Washers for building of New Mill 1781, 30, 34-37
William Simmons bought Springhead including rest Washers, 1788, 30, 35
WATER MEADOWS
competition with John Lucas of Lowder Mill over water supply to Sickle Mill vs. Lucas water meadows at Carpenters Heath, 26, 57
James III agreement with Hy Baker for shared use water, meadows and mill, 57
WATTS (or WATSES) FARM
held by Roger Shotters of Pitfold 1730s, 21
James II bought from Roger Shotter V, 1781, 30, 38
James III exchanged annuity on Watts Hammer lands for copyhold, 1825, 57
John Clapshaw Simmons/Baker tenant in early 1800s, 148
payment in perpetuity from LoM of L'mere to owners of Watts made to James II and James III, 38
purchased by Rev Henry Baker 1835, 66
mortgage on by James III 1805, 55, 66
Thomas Combes occupied 1805, 53
various parts occ. by Henry Hine, Bookers blacksmiths, Charles Holland retired Chichester Prebendary late 1800s, Stewart Grainger after 1945, 297
William Oliver bought late 1800s, 297
WEAVING. see also under Peasant Arts Movement and Appletons
last Shottermill record 1730s, 18
WEBB, James, bricklayer at Lower Pitfold Farm 1841, 152
WELLINGTON, Duke of
contributed to Church Building Society, 203
lying in state/funeral, watched by JWP and Wm Simmons, 112
WEY VALLEY WATER CO
founded 1898, extended to Shottermill from 1900, 358
Whiteway an original director of, 287
WEYCOMBE ESTATE, George Buckton at, 1865, 275
WEYDOWN ESTATE (later Inval), Hutchinson family at 1872, 275
WEYSPRINGS. see HEATHERBANK
WHEELER
family at Deanes Farm late 1800s, 296
James at Lower Pitfold Farm 1841, 152, 300
Rev William, curate of Headley, expounded scriptures to the poor, 170
Thomas, on local hardship in mid 1800s, 137
WHEELER'S LEASEHOLD COTTAGE [near Arnolds by Shottermill Ponds]
Francis Kearvell inherited from John Hoad II, held to 1844, 147
Henry Arnold, apprentice wheelwright at 1871, 148
John Hoad I wheelwright bought 1751, 147
William Moorey, son of Richard, wheelwright at 1851 & 1861, 148
WHITE
B, fell in 1914-18 War, 359
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s-1901, 155, 188-90, 319
changed to bricklaying/building, 272, 324
Edward rented New Mill 1819-22 from James III, 73
family members described as Quakers, mid-1600s, 229
Frederick, sweep 1890s, 306
George and Levi, beerhouse keepers at Royal Oak late 1800s, 183, 311
Henry bought Camels Dale plot from Baker 1890, 298
John & Ann, Corner Cott. built for 1762 by John Tribe, 147
John, first uniformed postman, 1888, 361
Mercy, dau Hy. Lion Green broom-maker, nurse to Cath. Cooper's child, 102
Starkey (James) shot Edward James Baker, 62, 190
White family members on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
William greengrocers on Clay Hill c.1900, 307
William of Elstead warehouseman Sickle braid mill, 340
William, received enclosure allotment 1850s, 271
WHITE LODGE (top of Lion Common), 172
WHITEWAY, Richard Stephen
at Brownescombe late 1800s, 287
officer of Working Men's Club, and Nursing Assoc, 355, 356
WHYMPER, Josiah, at Town House 1859, 274
WILBERFORCE, Archdeacon Samuel (Soapy Sam) preached at opening of St Stephen's, 206, 210
WILLIAMSON, Professor Alexander, chemist, at High Pitfold House, 180, 292, 300
WINCHESTER
broom-maker family history in Shottermill in 1800s, 156, 191, 300, 319
sheepstealing in Herbert's grandfather Charles's day, 191
some took up building work, 324
unknown Winchester suspected of stealing lead from mills 1837, 191
WINCHESTER, Bishops of
Charles Sumner active in promoting new churches, 203
consecrated St Stephen's, 213, 214
established Church Building Society in 1837, 203
introduced Farnham Rectories Bill 1840, to divide large parishes, 206, 207
looked for Pitfold site with James III, 208
WINDEBANK
John at Lower Pitfold Farm 1841, 152, 300
members Windebank family on Shottermill Parish Council, 279
WITHALL
Caleb furnished £2,200 mortgage to James III in 1815 on Sturt Farm and Sickle Mill, 56
Caleb occupied Sturt Farm to 1805, 53
Richard, papermaker, in Marshalsea debtors prison 1769, 32-33
WOLSELEY, Lord Garnet, at Manor House, Three Gates Lane 1887, 275
WOMEN
important in rural community and parish affairs, see Newman girls, 127
in paper and braid mills, 74, 331
James III's attitude to, 127-28
lecturers, 128
WOOD, William, grocer and baker 1890s in Shottermill, 307
WOOLMER HILL FARM
Henry Madgwick at 1911, 181
William Madgwick dealer in wood and coal at 1890-1901, and farm steward, 302
WOOLMER HILL SCHOOL, built to satisfy requirements of 1944 Education Act, 263
WORKING MEN'S CLUB
built by Thomas Harding, 355
Harry Rogers manager, 355
initiated by Thomas Gent of Leather Industry, 355
land given by James Simmons IV, 283, 355
officers Edgeler, James IV, Allen Chandler, Whiteway, 355
Stedman contributed books, 356
W.E. Muir made financial contributions, 356
WRIGHT, Thomas
comment on broom-maker dwellings, 158, 272
described Grayshott as a doll's village, 327
Portsmouth road 'one of the busiest in England for foot travellers', 317
YOUNG, Radley, at Hammer Vale Pottery, 326


About the Author

Greta Turner read History and Archaeology at the University of Birmingham and worked for most of her life in London in the Library & Information Group of an International Chemical Engineering company. In 1976 she and her husband came to live in Haslemere, where she was Recorder of the local Archaeological Group for many years, served for a short time on the Council of the Surrey Archaeological Society, and directed the restoration of the Mediaeval Moated Homestead at South Park, Grayswood. After assisting in the transcription of the Diaries of James Simmons, paper maker of Sickle Mill, she continued in the 1990s to investigate the local Wey Valley's industrial past.


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